Sniffy And Basic Operant Phenomena Essay

776 words - 4 pages

Sniffy and Basic Operant Phenomena
Carmen Fowler
Northwestern State University

My experience with Sniffy was difficult at times, but very informative. I’ve learned a great deal about Classical conditioning, in the first experiment with Sniffy, and Operant Conditioning in this one. The experiment with Operant Conditioning took much more time than the previous experiment. The total time it took for me to complete the five exercises in this experiment was about four hours. The exercises included magazine training, shaping Sniffy to press the bar, extinction, secondary reinforcement, and spontaneous recovery. Magazine training and shaping Sniffy to press the bar took up the greatest amount ...view middle of the document...

I felt as though he did not understand what actions were being reinforced. This exercise took the longest to complete by far. Also, there were great lengths of time when he wouldn’t come anywhere close to the hopper. For the last exercise, spontaneous recovery, nothing happened on my screen. I couldn’t get a cumulative record window because nothing happened. I still don’t know what went wrong with that exercise. I think that I was frustrated more because I was still learning the program, but when I got the jest of it, things seemed to move more quickly.
I learned so much from this assignment. I learned that with time, animals such as Sniffy can be trained to do almost anything with the right type of reinforcement. I also learned that this training gets quicker and quicker with time. It took Sniffy a great deal of time to associate the sound of the hopper and the food, but once he did associate the two he learned to press the bar on his own fairly quick. I learned that it is important to be careful not to reinforce any specific behavior before Sniffy learns to press the bar on his own because he may not know which behavior is being reinforced.
A person just like an animal can learn through operant conditioning. For example, a child...

Other Papers Like Sniffy and Basic Operant Phenomena

Operant Conditioning Essay

591 words - 3 pages Operant Conditioning Pamela Combs PS124: Introduction to Psychology Kaplan University June 9, 2014 Operant conditioning is a method of learning base upon a system of rewards and punishments to change behavior. In other words, psychologist use positive and negative reinforcement or positive and negative punishment to change behavior using a basic cause and effect method. Psychologist Edward L. Thorndike was the first to study operant

Instrumental/Operant Coditioing Essay

1788 words - 8 pages replacement in bottle X by E1. E2 will reinforce subject 2 by saying a moderately loud “good” on every fifth correct response. Also, the subject 1 in this expreriment seems to be not motivated by those words the experimenter said. Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning are two important concepts central to behavioral psychology, while both result in learning, the processes are different. The basic thing to remember the differences is to

Models of Abnormal Psychology

868 words - 4 pages Models of Abnormal Behavior § What are models? Systems used to describe phenomena Some theoretically based Some empirically derived § If models are not fact why use them? To derive and test hypotheses To serve as a starting block In psychotherapy case conceptualization Models of Psychopathology § Biological § Psychological Psychodynamic Behavioral Cognitive Humanistic Family

the three theories

2451 words - 10 pages codicillary bang mostly involves a bogus basic such as food. The capital assumption abaft operant conditioning holds that change in behavior occurs through modifications. Such modifications ability either seeks to advance or abash assertive behaviors. In essence, rewards and punishments are the two analytical apparatus of operant conditioning theory. The cerebral access of Neobehaviorism emphasizes on the role of accurate studies in developing cerebral

Operant Conditioning

608 words - 3 pages Operant Conditioning for Addictions Operant conditioning is the second learning principle. This type of learning occurs due to the cause-and-effect relationship between a behavior and its consequences. Operant conditioning has a common sense element. When we reward a behavior, it increases. When we punish a behavior, it decreases. A substance or activity can only become addictive if it is rewarding; i.e., if it is pleasurable or enjoyable (at

Operant Conditioning and Child Rearing

1075 words - 5 pages Operant Conditioning and Child Rearing Most people consider that learning takes place as a natural response from animals to diverse experiences. Nevertheless, learning is part of a more complex process that takes place when humans experience diverse events. Classical and operant conditioning are basic learning forms by which diverse patterns of behavior are acquired when a well-defined stimuli is present in a life experience. This paper

Btec Nd - Year 1 - Sport Psychology - Operant Conditioning Theory

1005 words - 5 pages slightly, also the same is true for the situation in which they are producing the pass. Comparison The three theories mentioned are all different, however all share basic similarities for example operant conditioning and the social learning theory both incorporate the use of reinforcement whether it be positive or negative to influence the behaviour of a person, the schema theory however does not mention anything about reinforcement yet it could be


5151 words - 21 pages world. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are both basic forms of learning, they have the word conditioning in common. Conditioning is the acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the presence of well-defined stimuli.  Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism learns to transfer a natural response from one stimulus to another, previously neutral stimulus. Classical conditioning is achieved by


1680 words - 7 pages with the learning of reflexes, and was an automatic response related to the nervous system. My experience with operant conditioning, on the other hand, had more to do with the learning and maintaining of a behavior that in my case, may have been the goal of my teacher. Although these two types of conditioning differ in their characteristics and associated phenomena, they share one characteristic — extinction. In the case of my classical

Behaviourism vs Psychodynamic

1196 words - 5 pages ‘Compare and contrast the way in which the behaviourist and psychodynamic perspective account for how people make sense of their environments‘. Psychology as a scientific study of behaviour and mental phenomena, in its systematic approach to observe, describe, predict and explain behaviour (class note), offers different approaches to studying and explaining behaviours, the main approaches includes, behaviourist, psychodynamic, cognitive

Cognistic Theory of Learning

2266 words - 10 pages substance and said that it is a secondary quality like matter. The mind is observable only through perception. More importantly, is the distinction he drew between two kinds of mental contents: impressions and ideas. Impressions are the basic elements of mental life. Impressions are kin to sensation and perception. Ideas are the mental experiences that we have in the absence of any stimulating element. The modern equivalent is image. Hume did not

Related Essays

Behavioral Learning Essay

1607 words - 7 pages difficult. There are three major theories that help contribute to the learning process, classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and neobehaviorism. Although they share some similarities, they are different when it comes to performance. Classical conditioning is learning that comes from experience, operant conditioning is behavior that has been reinforce through some type of punishment, and neobehaviorism is a phenomena that cannot be measured and

Classical And Operant Conditioning Essay

574 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Learning and Memory Worksheet 1. Write a 450- to 700-word essay to describe the relationship between classical and operant conditioning. Explain their elements and how they differ from one another. Additionally, provide an example for how learning can occur through each mode of conditioning. Explain how Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner contributed to the study of learning and conditioning. Classical and

B.F. Skinner: In Inspiration In Psychology

3252 words - 14 pages , more than any others. We were able to use Sniffy, our virtual rat, as a wonderful tool to apply all of Skinner’s experiments and observe first hand his findings, which made it a lot easier for us to understand. Burrhus Frederick Skinner was truly an inspiration in psychology. On a personal level, Burrhus Frederick Skinner’s operant conditioning has played a very big part over the past two years of my life and continues to do so. I have had

Operant Conditioning Essay

948 words - 4 pages Definition Operant conditioning (sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning) is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behaviour. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior. Operant conditioning vs classic conditioning Operant behaviour "operates" on the environment and is maintained by its consequences, while classical conditioning deals