This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Sm Of Ch10 Essay

5385 words - 22 pages

Chapter 10 THE PRODUCTION BUSINESS PROCESS TEACHING TIPS I usually gloss over the materials on job costing, for my students have covered job costing in their Cost/Managerial course. I do emphasize the need for good ledger control over property, plant, and equipment. THE PRODUCTION BUSINESS PROCESS Production Planning and Control. A sales order or sales forecast cause the creation of production orders which specify items that should be produced. Materials are requisitioned and production is scheduled. Items are produced, inspected, transferred to finished goods inventory, then transferred to shipping to complete the process. Basic production requirements are provided by the bill of materials ...view middle of the document...

The economic order quantity (EOQ) must balance two system costs—total carrying costs and total ordering costs: EOQ = economic order quantity (units) R = requirements for the item this period (units) S = purchasing cost per order P = unit cost I = inventory carrying cost per period, expressed as a percentage of the period inventory value Then ___________ / 2 x R x S \/ P x I

EOQ =

163

164

10 The Production Business Process

Lean Production is a term used to describe a production system in which parts are produced only as they are required in subsequent operations. The concept of lean production is based on the concept that inventory is waste. Lean production systems expose the hidden causes of maintaining inventory. Property Accounting Applications Fixed Assets. Every organization, including those on a cash basis, should keep a ledger of fixed assets as an aid to effective control. A fixed asset register is a systematic listing of an organization's fixed assets. There are four objectives of fixed asset or investment accounting applications: 1. Maintain adequate records that identify assets with description, cost, and physical location. 2. Provide for appropriate depreciation and/or amortization calculations for book and tax purposes. 3. Provide for reevaluation for insurance and replacement cost purposes. 4. Provide management with reports for planning and controlling the individual asset items. Investments. The investment register should contain all relevant information, such as certificate numbers and the par value of securities, to facilitate identification and control. QUICK RESPONSE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS Components of Quick Response Manufacturing Systems The Physical Manufacturing System. Two subsystems directly support the physical manufacturing system. These include the CADD (computer-aided design and drafting) and CAM (computer-aided manufacturing) systems.. Some CAM systems, called flexible manufacturing systems (FMS), incorporate programmable production processes that can be quickly reconfigured to produce different types of products. FMS can significantly contribute to the overall speed in which a system responds, for it can greatly speed up time-consuming retooling. The Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II) System. The MRP II system comprises the materials requirements planning (MRP) system and the related systems for sales, billing, and purchasing. But the MRP system is the heart of the MRP II system. Advanced Integration Technologies. Automatic identification enhances integration because electronically tagging products and materials effectively makes them machine-readable and thus physically part of the organization's computer-based information system. Radio Frequency Identification, or RFID, is an automatic identification technology that uses low power radio waves to send and receive data between RFID tags and readers. EDI enhances integration because it effectively integrates the company's system with the systems...

Other Papers Like Sm of Ch10

A Heart Of Darkness Essay

1748 words - 7 pages In this short story, there are frequent significant subject and ideas that make the story, "A Heart of Darkness," by Joseph Conrad, and haunting novel. The main theme is absolute white power over the natives. The theme validates the corruption, and the dependence caused by the white people as they took over the Congo. White men were giving all the power; they had no self-control, and in the end they did not use wisely. The white men became

The Aspects Of Vulnerability Among The Exploited In Medical Research

2287 words - 10 pages Essentially, everyone is in some state of vulnerability. However, some of us are more susceptible to harm due to our vulnerabilities. The susceptible are the individuals with the greatest risk. These individuals risk the loss of their autonomy, and maybe even their lives. Vulnerable populations can be found in every subset of society. However, as previously mentioned, there are some vulnerable populations that are at an even greater risk than

The Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Galaxy

1171 words - 5 pages The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy As the human race makes life-changing discoveries, it is made apparent that there is always more to learn as the universe, instead of becoming familiar, is becoming absurd. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, written by Douglas Adams, as well as the 2005 film adaption, portrays absurdity to be an all-encompassing system in the universe. Through the introduction and attempt to understand lack of reason

The Ford Motor Company Wage Increase Of 1914 And The Theory Of Incentives And Efficiency Wages

1252 words - 6 pages ‘It’s not the employer who pays the wages. Employers only handle the money. It is the customer who pays the wages’ (Henry Ford, cited in Johnson and Weinstein 2004, p. 2). When the Ford Motor Company announced that it would more than double the wages of its workers in January 1914 to a ‘five-dollar day’ minimum, was this a contradiction to Henry Ford’s statement? If customers are actually the ultimate payers of wages, then more than

Historical Analysis Of The Economical Breakthroughs Of The Industrial Revolution

1396 words - 6 pages A Historical Analysis of the Economical Breakthroughs of the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution, many elements of society experienced huge breakthroughs that would change the way they functioned forever. Economics were definitely one of them. With many new inventions and many factories appearing, many, many, more resources were being created than ever before. Also, all of the revenue from these resources was being given

Leadership Portrayed in Monologue from Shakespeare’s Henry V

1214 words - 5 pages Leadership is defined as a socially constructed process and which also affect organizational future outcomes. Leader is someone at high position who have overall duty for an organization, she or he decide what to do and the way how to achieve it. (Carter and Greer, 2013)The role of leader is extremely important for an organization, leader use their own power to influence the followers though many different ways such as motivation in order to

Cuba Civil Rights

1906 words - 8 pages Picture a country that has limits on how much you can make random government imprisonments and more what do you do. That is the situation for the eleven million seventy-five thousand two hundred forty-four people of Cuba since the takeover of Fidel Castro. The US is opposed to Castro taking control of Cuba. Castro managed to ease the United States nerves when he said that Cuba was against all forms of communism. According to Lana Wylie the Union

US Freight System

1273 words - 6 pages General Environment Each American requires the movement of approximately 40 tons of freight per year across the freight network. This includes everything from shirts to lawn mower to orange juice. • As the U.S. population expands, the U.S. freight system will be called upon to meet the demands of a larger population • Between 2010 and 2035, the system will experience a 22 percent increase in the total amount of tonnage it moves • By 2050, with

Democratic Peace Theory

1852 words - 8 pages democracy is called Democratic Peace Theory. However, research has begun to show that Democratic Peace Theory is ineffective and needs to be brought to an end as a model for how international relations are formed or destroyed. Democratic Peace Theory needs to be abolished as a support for forming foreign policy between democracies because of the burden placed on both parties to come to an agreement but still stand proud and victorious as a country

Booker T. Washington

1621 words - 7 pages “Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome” –Booker T. Washing. Booker Taliaferro Washington was born in Hale’s Ford, Virginia on April 5th, 1856 to Jane Burroughs and an unknown White man. Washington was married three times. His first wife was Fannie N. Smith from Malden, West Virginia. Booker and Fannie were married in the summer of 1882 and had one child

Corn, Broccoli, Grass Or Balanced

2611 words - 11 pages About a century ago, there was not an epidemic of diet-related illness, a bizarre account of destroyed farmland, dead zones in our oceans created by chemical run-off spilling into the waterways, and there sure was not millions of people questioning the moral ethics of their diet. In the Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, the author Michael Pollan goes on a journey to investigate the sources of the nation’s food supply, for

Related Essays

Freedom And Responsibility Essay

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws Essay

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Holidays In Albania Essay

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are