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Sleep Deprivation Essay

1690 words - 7 pages

Sleep deprivation seems to be an increasing problem with people of all different age groups. It is related to many different health concerns. Nearly fifty percent of adults fail to get enough sleep. According to the national sleep foundation, teenagers need at least 9 hours of sleep a night, but 80% get a lot less than that. Due to the lack of sleep at least 28% of high schoolers fall asleep in class, 22% fall asleep while doing their homework and 14% arrive late or miss school entirely because they oversleep. Based on the article It is obvious that school age children need a lot more sleep than they are getting. As sleep continues to depreciate students have a harder time concentrating. ...view middle of the document...

Results in both groups combined, sleep restriction caused a 20-1 decrease in pontine tCr [F.sub.1-16]=5.07, p=0.039, Cohen’s d=0.54) and an 11.3 increase in prefrontal Cho ([F.sub.1-21]=5.24, p=0.033, Cohen’s d=0.46). Follow up revealed that prefrontal Cho increases were significant only among depressed participants( 17.9% increase, [E.sub.9]=3.35, p=0.008, Cohen’s d=1.06). Mood improved by 30% for five depressed patients, 6 showed no change in mood after sleep restriction. Baseline pontine Cho levels, distinguished subsequent responders from non responders to sleep restriction among depressed participants. (Z=2.61, p=o.008). (1)Conclusion
By sleeping more, will improve your test scores, you will have more alert feelings and more energy. A good nights sleep proves to improve all motor functions.
Sleep restriction alters levels of pontine tCr and prefrontal Cho in both groups combined, suggesting effects on phospholipids and creatine metabolism. Baseline levels of pontine and Cho were linked to subsequent mood responses to sleep loss, suggesting a role for pontine phospholipids metabolism in mood effects of sleep restriction.
(1)Limitations
The fact that this was a small study and some of the depressed participants were undergoing stable pharmacological treatments. Even though no differences were shown between their neurochemical and mood characteristics. Medication naive participants only would have been preferred for the study, this would of made the study results more accurate. (1)
Conclusion
Cho levels in dorsal, prefrontal region increased in depressed participants may reflect increased metabolic activity. This matches pervious studies that were done showing that metabolic activity in this region is connected to mood state. (1) At baseline levels of pontine Cho, correlation to mood responses and sleep loss, suggest a role for pontine phospholipids metabolism in mood effect sleep restriction.
As stated in the article Development of the Sleep Treatment and Education Program for Students (STEPS). University students report significantly worst sleep than the general public. Sleep restriction is related to many things including health concerns, moods, irritability, depression, fatigue, attention and concentration difficulties, along with poor academic performance. (2)
College students are know for sleep deprivation, whether it’s because of studying or just socializing during the week. They usually try and catch their sleep back up on the weekends, by sleeping long periods of time. In recent studies it showed that only 11% of students met the criteria for good sleep quality.(2)
It was done in fall semester and they solicited participants from two introduction
Psychology classes of students that were in their first year of study.(2) Getting off to an early start at the beginning of the term provided information about treatment and prevention efficacy, because sleeping habits tend to get worst as the term moves...

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