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Sintesis 1984 George Orwell Essay

2858 words - 12 pages

1984 por George Orwell.
Es algo complejo narrar una síntesis ordinaria de este título debido a su vasto contenido descriptivo de la escena en la que se desarrolla. Esto se debe a que el libro fue publicado en el año de 1948 y describía casi proféticamente la sociedad del mundo algunas décadas después, caótica y totalitaria, sometida y controlada. Sin embargo, antes de narrar la historia, procederé primero a hacer las descripciones correspondientes a modo de facilitar la lectura para un lector que, o no conoce y no ha leído la novela en lo absoluto o ha tenido vagas referencias sobre ella, y no para alguien que ha tenido el placer de disfrutar la lectura de sus páginas
Es el año de 1984, en ...view middle of the document...

Para lograr el dominio absoluto, el Partido se encarga de controlar el comportamiento de sus individuos. Sus tres únicas consignas son sus únicas leyes escritas: LA GUERRA ES LA PAZ, LA LIBERTAD ES LA ESCLAVITUD, LA IGNORANCIA ES LA FUERZA. Carteles repartidos por toda la ciudad con un rostro maduro, una mirada intensamente fija, bigotes negros y la leyenda “El Gran Hermano te vigila”, advierten a la población de una serie de reglas no escritas que de ser violadas implican la desgracia y la muerte al instante. Además, repartidas de igual forma que los carteles, las Telepantallas son dispositivos que trasmiten mensajes como lo hace comúnmente la televisión, pero están dotadas de cámaras y micrófonos altamente sensibles y, literalmente son capaces de observar todos y cada uno de los movimientos que un individuo realiza. Incluso el ritmo de la respiración y las expresiones en el rostro son alcanzados por la vigilancia de las Telepantallas las 24 horas del día. De esta forma, en caso de tener una actitud sospechosa, por más mínima que ésta sea que busque alterar el orden impuesto por el Partido, o bien, que atente directa o indirectamente contra el Partido o el Gran Hermano, la Policía del Pensamiento acudirá al instante y la consignación será inminente.
La novela comienza presentándonos al personaje principal Winston Smith, un hombre de mediana edad (39 años) quien trabaja en el Ministerio de la Verdad desempeñando una labor rutinaria y por momentos tediosa. Winston cierto día llega después de su jornada laboral a su departamento ubicado dentro de unos condominios no muy lejos de su lugar de trabajo y después de mucho reflexionar, procede a hacer algo que en su época era por demás impensable realizar: comenzar a escribir un diario. Lo hace en un libro con páginas blancas y con una pluma y tinta que adquirió en un barrio de “los proles” (El grueso de la población, no perteneciente al Partido), en donde apenas su presencia en aquel lugar suponía ya un “Crimen Mental”. Después de varios minutos de sufrimiento psicológico, se decide a escribir las primeras palabras, en donde narra una escena que ha vivido recientemente y en donde expresa su horror ante la mentalidad de la sociedad actual, siempre aplaudiendo el espectáculo de la violencia y carente totalmente de una noción de la gravedad que ello representa, esto es, carente totalmente de valores. Escribiendo de vez en cuando, prosigue su vida normalmente.
Cierto día en su trabajo se hacen los preparativos diarios para celebrar lo que se llama “los dos minutos de odio” en donde, todos los trabajadores se reúnen frente a la Telepantalla y expresan (psicológicamente forzados) su odio hacia el enemigo del pueblo: Emmanuel Goldstein, líder de una organización aparentemente ficticia llamada La Hermandad que representa la anarquía y la rebelión inútil en contra del Partido. Con gritos y sombrerazos externaban su odio hacia aquel personaje sin siquiera preguntarse si en verdad existiera o no. Winston por...

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