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Sino Soviet Relations Essay

895 words - 4 pages

What were the causes of the Sino-Soviet Split? P118-123

1. What was the relationship like between Stalin and Mao?
* Feb 1950 Treaty of Friendship that seemed to confirm US perceptions that China was ready to do Stalin’s bidding in struggle against forces of capitalism and imperialism
* Reality was to show much more complex relationship between 2 com powers
* Treaty heavily favorable to USSR, reflection of relationship between 2 countries at time
* USSR treated China as a junior partner in com alliance
* 1 way China could improve standing in relationship was by proving loyalty to cause of world com. In this context it was to take active role in attempting to ...view middle of the document...

Mil aid to help CH develop air force
* Sov promise to restore CH sovereignty over province of Manchuria, USSR agreed to transfer control over railways in Manchuria
* Agreement to ban all non-sov foreigners from Manchuria
* Ch failed to secure Sov agreement on: Mongolia remained Sov sphere of influence. S refused to aid to conquer Taiwan, remained in hands of G (feared provoking US into action) No joint revolutionary strategy devised for East Asia. S forced M to drop plans to send support to Vietminh in their struggle against French in Indochina
3. What do the 2 events of the KW 1950-3 and the Taiwan Straits Crisis 1954-5 and 1958 show firstly about the evidence of the strength of the SS relationship and secondly evidence of tensions.

KW- Evidence of strength of relationship
* -------------------------------------------------
S convinced Chinese to change minds on intervention in North Korea: Chinese intervention began on 19 October- 900,999 dead or wounded by the end of the war
* -------------------------------------------------
The USSR provided air support through a division of MiG-15 fighters/ military advisers
* -------------------------------------------------
S and M always consulted on major decisions:
* -------------------------------------------------
whether to cross the 38th Parallel (jan 1951)
* -------------------------------------------------
whether to start negotiations towards ending the fighting (May-June 1951)
* -------------------------------------------------
Sino-Soviet affairs cemented by the Korean War
* -------------------------------------------------
Chinese emerged from war as a power
* -------------------------------------------------
Chinese People’s Liberation Army had played key role in pushing back UN forces from North Korea to below the 38th parallel
* -------------------------------------------------
work with USSR during war brought feeling of comradely cooperation between the two
Evidence of tensions:
* -------------------------------------------------
highlighted SU dominance in treaty- he pushed Chinese military involvement in preference to a direct Soviet presence in Korea- manipulated China into it- presented Chinese leadership with a communist...

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