Sino Soviet Relations Essay

1247 words - 5 pages

It can be argued that the Sino-Soviet split of the 1960s was a result of ideological differences, with Khrushchev’s de-Stalinisation and Mao’s ‘Cultural Revolution’ leading the other to denounce the opponent’s mode of communism. Whilst the national interests between the two caused tensions and led to the realistic prospect of nuclear conflict, it was the ideological differences of the Sino-Soviet relationship that caused the events. Similarly, the personalities and rivalries of China and the USSR can be explained in the same way and whilst they certainly exacerbated the Sino-Soviet situation, the argument fails to take into account what caused the argument to exist in the first place – ...view middle of the document...

More importantly, however, with the USSR denouncing the revolution as total fanaticism and accusing Mao of creating a state of anarchy, the severance of diplomatic and trade links (1966) is clear evidence that the revolution caused the USSR to disassociate themselves with a China that had not only insulted the Marxist-Leninist doctrine, but also the Soviet Union.
It is clear that the ideological differences between the two created an unbridgeable gulf by instigating an ideological power rivalry. The stark contrast in the two modes of communism was the reason for this. With each nation claiming to be the true communist world power, as well as insults to the other’s ideology, the Sino-Soviet relationship could not be sustained.

The Taiwan Straits Crisis (1958) was an example of differing attitudes of Mao and Khrushchev towards the West. Khrushchev’s refusal to support China in the crisis to the full extent convinced Mao that Khrushchev could not be relied upon to advance China’s strategic interests. Much like the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962), the events of the Taiwan Straits Crisis showed Mao that Khrushchev was in favour of compromising with the West rather than world revolution. On the other side, Khrushchev saw a leader in Mao who acted rashly and risked nuclear war with the USA – a strong incentive for Khrushchev to end his relationship with Mao as Chinese foreign policy clearly rejected the USSR’s peaceful coexistence.
The detonation of the first Chinese atomic bomb (1964) showed the USSR that China had achieved independently, with the Soviet’s refusal to aid Mao’s nuclear programme. The Soviets were now faced with an independent socialist nuclear rival. The nuclear parity with the USSR gave Mao the confidence that China could compete with the world’s most powerful nations and was now not only militarily equal but ideologically superior. In his eyes, an alliance with the Soviet Union was no longer unnecessary – Mao had only initiated an agreement with Stalin in 1950 with the sole interests of China at heart. Now that these interests had been achieved an alliance was no longer needed.
The strategic and military reasons for the split offer a solid argument as to why the Sino-Soviet split occurred. However, whilst the events concerned contributed to the deterioration and lapse in relations, it is clear the Taiwan Straits Crisis was essentially an ideological issue and that the nuclear rivalry was driven by Mao’s eagerness to gain recognition as a respectable and independent communist state.

The personalities and rivalries of the Sino-Soviet situation played some role in the split of the 1960s with a clear personal dislike between the two countries deepening with time.
The meetings of Mao...

Other Papers Like Sino-Soviet Relations

The Early Cold War Essay

2641 words - 11 pages corruption - military overextension * The success of Mao’s strategy in attracting support from the peasants and middle classes - land reform and rent reductions * The failure of the 1946 US mission of reconciliation under George Marshall * Stalin’s initial reluctance to give wholehearted help to the communists * Sino-Soviet relations by 1950 - Stalin’s and Mao’s mutual distrust and its legacy - Stalin’s fear of an inability to

Baosteel Europe, Location Advantages Essay

887 words - 4 pages psychic distance between the home and host country, language an cultural diversities, general attitude towards foreigners and the overall position towards free enterprise. Hamberg, Germany 1. Diplomatic, culture & economic relations: Sino-German relations were formally established in 1861, when Prussia and the Qing Empire concluded the first Sino-German treaty during the Eulenburg Expedition. Ten years later, the German Empire was

Cuban History And Government

2192 words - 9 pages Russia greatly differed on foreign policy and these differences led them to have poor international relations between themselves and could be related to each country ideology. Castro’s concern for revolutionaries everywhere would lead Cuba away from the Soviet orthodox style of communism. Cuba was to derive its own sense of communism. The Cuban Missile Crisis was one episode that helped make the gap between the two countries. In the fall of

End of Cold War

5921 words - 24 pages in Geneva in November 1985, but the two leaders failed to reach any agreement. Then in mid-January 1986 Gorbachev offered in a letter to Reagan to eliminate all INF systems in Europe, followed by all other nuclear weapons by the end of the century, provided the Americans abandon the SDI. Again, the Americans refused. US-Soviet relations worsened. Gorbachev refused to meet Reagan if no concessions on SDI were on the table. In March 1986

Nixon And China

4031 words - 17 pages United States should remain “as strong as we need be for as long as we need be.” By the time Nixon was elected, Communist China was facing danger from both in and outside the country. The divergence in Marxist ideology between the two neighboring communist states, USSR and the PRC had become intractable and led to military actions marked by the Soviet troop build-ups on the Sino-Soviet border. Inside the country, the Cultural Revolution, a social

Indian Foreign Policy: Its Basic Framework and Its Role in a Changing World Scenario

4750 words - 19 pages began to apply this Principle on a wide scale in international relations, most prominently in the United Nations. During the cold war in the late 1940s and 1950s India's non alignment was a positive factor playing a major role in the balance of world forces. It foiled the plans of the imperialist powers which expected India, after it Squired independence, to follow in the wake of their anti-Soviet policy. The sudden collapse of the world

Conducting Business In China With General Info

4687 words - 19 pages accused of corruption. In addition, he learned that these gifts could amount to as much as $10,000 a year, which would be much more than his nominal salary. If you want your work to have been done first or with prior benefits. You've got it if you know the rules and have social relations with officials responsible in your local area. Anyway, the governmental system is trying their best to reduce the level of corruption in the system as well as

Make Mumbai Special

3154 words - 13 pages ; improved relations with Pakistan,China and the United States; softened its relationship with the Soviet Union; launched Sixth Five-Year Plan, aiming to boost agricultural production and rural industries; the plan proved unsuccessful leading to resurging inflation, fuel shortages, unemployment and poverty; lost many MPs from Janata Party, including his rival Charan Singh, which led to his resignation. | | | 6 | | Charan Singh (1902–1987) MP for

Summary Of Chapter

9679 words - 39 pages personalistic relations horizontally often with school groups ar place-of-origin networks • High discipline : military experience of most workers and executives and the thread of an invasion by North-Korea • Shared ideal: national pride • Firms exist to strengthen the nations Institutions • Respect for the professionalism of civil service and the power assigned in consequence • Derivation of much administrative routine and character from the days of

Mobile Phone Manufacturer In China

9636 words - 39 pages standardized HR applications. Chinese HR platform is still at an “embryonic stage due to the socialist regime” (42) . The history of the Chinese business environment has evolved immensely since moving from a Soviet style communist regime to a “socialist market economy”. This was based on the “Open Door” policy and the “Four Modernizations” of agriculture, industry, defense, and science/technology. Before this policy was implemented, HR was a political

Freedom And Responsibility

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Related Essays

Sino Soviet Relations Essay

1051 words - 5 pages To what extent was the deterioration in Sino-Soviet relations in the years 1958–69 due to personal rivalries? The deterioration in Sino-Soviet relations between 1958-1969 is due to a number of different factorssome historians argue that conflicting personal rivalries between Mao and Khrushchev contributed to the split until 1964, however other historians argue that other factors influenced the deterioration. For example both sides were

Sino Soviet Relations Essay

895 words - 4 pages What were the causes of the Sino-Soviet Split? P118-123 1. What was the relationship like between Stalin and Mao? * Feb 1950 Treaty of Friendship that seemed to confirm US perceptions that China was ready to do Stalin’s bidding in struggle against forces of capitalism and imperialism * Reality was to show much more complex relationship between 2 com powers * Treaty heavily favorable to USSR, reflection of relationship between

Do You Agree With The View That The Sino Soviet Split Was Caused Primarily By The Political Rivalry Of Khrushchev And Mao?

1744 words - 7 pages China and the USSR, territorial disputes were not unheard of however, throughout the Cold War, this became a larger issue as each wanted to assert more power. Although relations with the US was a factor involved in the split, it did little but cause tension and demonstrate the further rift that was happening between the two countries through the various meetings with presidents. Ideological differences were pivotal in the breakdown of Sino-Soviet

Sino Indian War Essay

2206 words - 9 pages Matthew Ooi Sino-Indian War HOIndia A4 | Introduction The period from 1947 (when India became independent) to 1964 when (Jawaharlal Nehru) died was marked in modern Indian history as the “Nehru Era”. The Nehru Era was a crucial and tense period in the history of Sino-Indian relations. In the early Nehru Era, China and India had a very intimate bi-lateral relation characterized by the Hindu saying, “Hindu Chin Bhai Bhai”, or “Hindus and