Child abuse is a state of emotional, physical, economic and sexual maltreatment meted out to a person below the age of eighteen and is a globally prevalent phenomenon.
It has serious physical and psycho-social consequences which adversely affect the health and over-all well-being of a child. It may include physical or mental ill-treatment, sexual abuse, malnutrition and many others which are responsible for hindrance of a healthy growing body of a child.
Children who are normally born in poor families areoften subjected to work at shorter ages and are usually underpaid and harassed both mentally and physically. Child abuse is a violation of the basic human rights of a ...view middle of the document...
WHO estimates that almost 53,000 child deaths in 2002 were due to child homicide. In the Global School-Based Student Health Survey carried out in a wide range of developing countries, between 20% and 65%of school going children reported having been verbally or physically bullied in school. Similar rates of bullying have been found in industrialized countries.
An estimated 150 million girls and 73 million boys under 18 have experienced forced sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual violence involving physical contact. Some states in India among which a large portion of it currently under poverty line are Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Manipur and Mizoram and among these states the cases of child abuse and exploitation are occurring at increasing rates. The need for awareness for the same is more in these states where education is not given any primary importance and children are forced to work at early stages of life. | |
| |Various surveys and studies have been carried out by India incorporating all the legal and ethical backgrounds in relation with the child |
| |exploitation. In 2007 India carried out a study which assumed that child abuse in India, as in other developing societies, is a phenomenon |
| |which is widespread and cuts across ethnic, social and economic boundaries. |
| | |
| |The study aims to develop a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of child abuse in India, with a view to formulating appropriate |
| |policies and programs to prevent child abuse and to address related issues through community based program interventions. According to the |
| |researchers the only data on child abuse in India that are rather trustworthy are the data of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). The |
| |numbers of NCRB show a steep rise in the total number of crimes against children. |
| | |
| |Several measures taken against the abuse include rescuing children from banned occupations and their repatriation and mainstreaming into |
| |appropriate education streams. |
| | |
| |One of the major problems in understanding the scope of the subject of 'child abuse' is that it is extremely difficult to get responses from |
| |children on such a sensitive subject because of their inability to fully understand the different...