Essay on Topic [e.g., Hamartiology: The Problem of Evil (Theodicy)]
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The problem of evil is perceived to be portrayed by the following propositions: 1, God is omnipotent; 2, God is wholly benevolent; 3, evil consequences that result from the actions and events befall mankind; 4, the omnipotent being of 1 and 2 eliminates all the evil that he can; 5, there are no nonlogical limits to what an omnipotent being can do; 6, so God will therefore eliminate every evil that is logically possible for him to remove (Elwell, pg. ...view middle of the document...
Leibniz doesn't contradict himself but many may not agree with him.
There are other theodicies that rest on a modified rationalistic theology with four basic points. The first is that God is without obligation to create any world because His existence alone is the supreme good. Second, the creation of a world is a good thing but it is not the only good thing He can do. Everything that He does is based on reason but His reasons are not always universal law. Third, there are countless amounts of worlds that He could create, however, some of those worlds may be evil by nature. Which means that He could not create them but there are other worlds that He could create. Last, is that God had a choice of whether to create or not. He chose to create the world as we know it. This is where the problem of evil takes it's place.
One problem is the question as to whether or not the world that we know is one of the good worlds. Another problem is if this is indeed a good world, what about the sinful acts that are carried out by the creatures that God created? Being one of the good worlds, wouldn't God have made the world so that evil did not exist?
For a theodicy to have any merit it must be...