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Sex Tourism In Thailand Essay

1994 words - 8 pages

Sex Tourism in Thailand

“Sex tourism is both an economic and political phenomenon. It cannot exist without sources of demand, where these types of transactions are considered to be socially and politically legitimate” (Leheny, D. 1995, p.367-384). Sex tourism is evident through many different forms, but the most popular ways it is evident is through pornography, prostitution, and human trafficing. This trend is one of the main sources of revenue in Thailand. It holds 6 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) which is just over $31 billion. Sex tourism started when the “American military on rest and recreation leave during the Vietnam War from 1962” (End Child Prostitution, ...view middle of the document...

There is a high amount of the Northern Hill Tribe children because the “state policies discriminate against them in education and citizenship that leads them to poverty” (End Child Prostitution, Pornography and Trafficking UK). Due to the discrimination of these people, they cannot get their citizenship cards, which restrict them from obtaining almost any job that is available in Thailand, thus leaving them to exploit their children to help their families to survive. The children introduced into the sex tourism industry are seduced by relatives, acquaintances, and pimps convincing them that it was the only way to help their family financially. The children are brought into hotel rooms, bars, and brothels, and are to perform any type of sexual intercourse such as vaginal, anal, and oral sex on both men and women of all ages. The trafficked children do not speak the same language of those from Thailand, so they do not know precisely what they are endeavouring in and they are very “vulnerable to physical abuse and exploitation” (End Child Prostitution, Pornography and Trafficking UK). There are many groups out there today who are trying to save the children from these horrific events that are taking place. The Thai government has started to step in with more authority on the matter. However, when it comes to the immigrated children, the government will pull them out and ship them back to their home countries, providing them with no protection from them getting shipped back into Thailand to go through more exploitation. This is because the government views these children as illegal immigrants, so they do not owe these children any protection at all.
There is not only the prostitution of children, but the exploitation of women too. “During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Department of Defence had a contract with the Thai government to provide ‘Recreation & Relaxation’ for U.S. soldiers. With money from the U.S. government, local Thai prostitution organized and expanded into a major industry” (Haney, D.2001, Prostitution and Sex Tourism). Today, many of the women involved in the sex industry of Thailand were not given a choice because of their economic standing. “Poverty frequently correlates with illiteracy, limited employment opportunities, poor qualifications and bleak financial circumstances. Thus, poverty stricken families can become desperate for money” (Lau, C. 2008, p.144-155). Due to the lack of financial aid of the family, it is said to be that the first duty of the girl is to support her family in any way that she can. This can be in any job field, but since so many of them have limited education, they are forced into prostitution and pornography. Again, like the children, they are seduced mostly by their family and acquaintances. Some of the women’s families sell them to a pimp just because they need the finances right away, and have no use of the women. Then, some of the profits made from her sexual encounters are given to her family;...

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