This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome Theory In Cardiovascular Disease

1750 words - 7 pages

When adapting nursing care for particular clients, it is important to consider applicable theories used in guiding practice. Hans Selye's theory of general adaptation syndrome or stress response for instance, is helpful to consider when caring for patients whose challenges may be partially caused or exacerbated by many overlapping factors within both the internal and external environments. Important also to nursing is the metaparadigm which forms the framework of nursing theories. The metaparadigm for nursing revolves around the concepts of the client as recipient, the environment, health, and nursing, all of which can be used in discussing any nursing endeavor (Berman and Snyder, 2012, ...view middle of the document...

In particular, stress as a contributing element to the experience and worsening of cardiovascular disease has received a great deal of attention. This relationship was established based on the effects that result from sympathetic activation which creates a situation where the blood volume, heart rate and contractility, and blood pressure is increased (VanMeter and Hubert, 2014, Chapter 12). Over time, the over-utilization of these adaptive mechanisms results in damage to blood vessels and potentially the heart, as these systems must work harder to provide for the increased demands (VanMeter and Hubert, 2014, Chapter 12).
These evolving maladies associated with stress are among what Selye would consider to be “diseases of adaptation” which result from poor adaptation in facing a stressor (Selye, 1950). This damage results in inflammation and the narrowing of the blood vessels due to the aggregations which occur at the damage site. This both increases the client's hypertension due to increased peripheral resistance and also risk for ischemia or infarctions as pieces can break off of accumulated aggregations (thrombi) (VanMeter and Hubert, 2014, Chapter 12). At the same time circulating glucocorticoids' catabolic effects and decreased blood flow to certain areas due to vasoconstriction, also make it more difficult to repair any damage when under prolonged stress(VanMeter and Hubert, 2014, Chapter 12).
Given the scenario of a nurse caring for a patient who is recovering from myocardial infarction who has a history of hypertension, the need for the application of Selye's theory is clear. This client, from this information alone, is already at increased risk for adverse events such as myocardial infarction (MI), as his blood pressure is already elevated, and damage and inflammation within the cardiovascular system is evident in his experience of a recent MI. A great degree of intermittent or prolonged stress would then exacerbate these conditions and put the client at risk for future recurrence of MI. In terms of the phases of the general adaptation syndrome, these effects would be most concerned with the alarm and resistant phases during which the initial response and attempt by the body to adapt to fight off the stressor occur respectively (Franco, De Barros, Noguiera-Martins & Michel, 2003). These same stages would also be relevant to the role of stressors as potential precipitating factors of events such as MI. For example, if the client's MI occurred when having to run to catch his usual train because he was worried about being late to work.
In looking at how to care for the patient, it would be necessary to discuss factors in the client's life which may have contributed to the development of cardiovascular disease. Much of this would focus upon the client's environment. Different aspects of home and work environments can contribute significantly to a person's stress level, thus it would be a good idea during patient assessment...

Other Papers Like Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome Theory In Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular Disease Essay

633 words - 3 pages Symptoms and Signs of Cardiovascular Disease | □ | 1. Do you experience pain or tightness in the chest or irregular heartbeat? | □ | 2. Do you have a history of high blood pressure? | □ | 3. Do you make to verify his levels of cholesterol regularly, of being like that, they are they more high place that normal? | □ | 4. Do you experience any pins and needles or numb sensations in his arms/hands or legs / feet? | □ | 5. Do you have

Down-Syndrme Essay

1810 words - 8 pages disease, gastro-intestinal problems, and other health issues. The symptoms of Down syndrome range from mild to severe. Life expectancy for individuals with Down syndrome has dramatically increased over the past few decades as medical care and social inclusion have improved. A person with Down syndrome in good health will on average live to age 55 or beyond. First diagnosed by John Langdon Down in 1866, the most common form of Down syndrome is called

Whole Grains Report

650 words - 3 pages The reason why this research is important is because cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of people right now and the experimenters prove through the results of their study that it is possible to lower the risk of people suffering from cardiovascular disease if they consume more whole grain foods in their daily dietary food intake. The objective of this study was to monitor and analyze a large group of healthy middle aged and to

Reye Syndrome

1120 words - 5 pages , irritability, a stupor-like state, and a recent infection from a viral illness. The symptoms often begin with vomiting and progress to a stupor and near comatose state. This disease is often found in young children and infants. Over sixty percent of reported Reye's Syndrome cases occur in children under the age of sixteen, with the majority of these cases being in children under six. Although less than five percent of Reye's Syndrome cases

Mental Health

2070 words - 9 pages atypical and typical drug relates to metabolic syndrome and how a clinical laboratory implication signifies it’s used. Atypical antipsychotic drugs are more associated with increased risk of obesity, glucose intolerance, diabetes, dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease compared to typical drugs. Weight gain was known to occur with some typical drugs but greater frequency and severity appears with atypical drugs. Studies shows that typical drugs

Genetic Catastrophe

1922 words - 8 pages a genetic catastrophe. On the contrary, by using words like syndrome, disorder, disease, illness, defect, deficiency, failure, etc, instead of genetic damage, science, in general, is defining away and covering up the genetic catastrophe. In the US, a rare disease is defined as \"one that afflicts no more than 200,000 people.\" However, one out of 10 Americans suffers from just such a rare disease. And more than 6,000 diseases have been

High Risk Family Assessment

3144 words - 13 pages . (Harrington-Dobinson & Blows, 2007). The congruency of what a family member is expressing should match up to the actions being displayed. Identification of Family Theory, Health Models, its Applicability and Usefulness in this Family The theory chosen for this family is the Family Stress Adaptation Theory. This theory explains how families adapt to various stressors. The major family stress model, also

Preventing Diabetes

1003 words - 5 pages levels of health prevention within the general health promotion umbrella. The first is primary prevention. Primary prevention involves a proactive approach. This means identifying the risk factors for a disease or syndrome before they occur and doing everything possible to prevent the patient from acquiring said disorder. This involves education, and a lot of it. An example of primary prevention of Diabetes would be identifying the risk factors

Organizational Analysis Paper

1193 words - 5 pages American Heart Association also provides numerous types of details to the general public, medical care employees and the medical group by using training seminars, courses, plans, Web sites, and fitness tests ("American heart association," 2010) One of the main functions of this company is to educate the general public about the causes and results of cardiovascular disease, by doing so they hope to lower the amount of people in the world who suffer

Coronary Heart Disease

1182 words - 5 pages , Bulgaria, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and the Soviet Union. • About 6 million hospitalizations take place each year in the US on account of cardiovascular disease. • Every 33 seconds a death occurs due to cardiovascular disease in the US. • Since 1900 onwards, the number 1 killer has been cardiovascular disease in the US except 1918. • Men tend to suffer heart attacks 10 years earlier in life as compared to women. • Over 1,000

Pathopharmacological Foundations for Advanced Nursing Practice

954 words - 4 pages pathophysiological changes to body systems. Obesity affects the cardiovascular system and can cause hypertension, ischemic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular and peripheral vascular disease, varicose veins, venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and even sudden death. It can affect the respiratory system by causing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), obesity hyperventilation syndrome (OHS), restrictive lung disease

Related Essays

General Adaptation Syndrome Essay

720 words - 3 pages psychopysiological disorders. Therefore, stress is no more a minor issue that should be neglected. So, this report will be giving a brief explanation on coping stress, preceded by a description on adapting stress as well as its effects through the General Adaptation syndrome. General Adaptation Syndrome This is a model devised by a pioneering stress therapist named Hans Selye. This suggests that a person's response to stress consists of three

Research That Has Suggested A Link Between Stress And Ill Health

2087 words - 9 pages stress levels.  In 1936 a Canadian physiologist Hans Seyle introduced his theory of ‘General Adaptation Syndrome’ (GAS). Through research done on rats in adverse conditions Seyle was able to develop this theory which was useful in predicting the body’s physiological responses to stress. General adaptation Syndrome (GAS) describes the three phases of how the body reacts to stress. In his work, Selye developed the theory that stress is a major

Roy Adaptation Theory Essay

1742 words - 7 pages achievement. Roy also emphasizes that the nurses should use their intuitive skills while assessing and initiating interventions. Roy’s adaptation theory has been used to perform nursing research for the past 35 years (Dobratz, 2008). The Boston Based Adaptation in Nursing Research Society (BBARNS) helped provide and validate the use of Roy adaptation model in nursing research. They helped identify over 163 studies of which 116 had links to the RAM

Women And Cardiovascular Disease Essay

1610 words - 7 pages Women and Cardiovascular Disease Biology 1114 April 6, 2011 Women and Cardiovascular Disease Did you know that cardiovascular disease is not a disease affecting only men? Cardiovascular disease has been found to be the number one killer of women. According to Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) experts women die from cardiovascular disease one in two; compared with one in twenty-five die from breast cancer.1 According to