Science vs. Religion
Are Science and Religion in Conflict?
PHI103: Informal Logic (GSK1124I)
For as long as anyone can remember in human history there have been many explanations for events that seem out of human control. In recent civilized history, religious and scientific views have often clashed with one another. Religious ideas are usually presented first and then enough scientific evidence accumulates to dare religious beliefs. These findings of science are met with skepticism and most are considered a heresy. Science and religion exist in a kind of push and pull relationship: just as the yen does not exist without the yang. Science strives to replace ...view middle of the document...
This is the root of the dilemma between science and religion. Many philosophers and theists have offered their views concerning the ongoing battle between science and religion. When the church had the greatest power, men and women of science were viewed as the "wicked guys." In most cases it was safer to believe in the church and their ideas, in order not to be excommunicated or shunned by society. As a result, many conflicts arise between men of religion and men of science.
Reconciliation between science and religion is impossible, because the claims made by religion and the evidence provided by science are so extraordinarily different. The advance of science has caused many theists to compromise traditional religious beliefs in order to facilitate scientific evidence, thus proving that scientific explanations of the universe are more plausible than the rationales offered by religion. An excellent example of this can be seen in the question of the age of the planet Earth. According to religious theology, the Earth is less than ten thousand years old. However, there is an overwhelming amount of scientific evidence that proves the Earth to be many billions of years old. Many religious thinkers have responded to this evidence, by claiming that the methods used to ascertain the Earth's age are inaccurate.
What are the commonalities between science and religion? One big way of putting this is that science and religion BOTH believe that there are some things that just cannot be explained. Theory places things in a causal context wider than that provided by common sense. Scientific and religious explanations complement common sense explanations. People do not immerse themselves in mystery. Common sense is easier (e.g. treating a headache with an aspirin as opposed to treating it with psychotherapy). Another similarity would be in “evolving a theoretical scheme, the human mind seems constrained to draw inspiration from analogy between the puzzling observations to be explained and certain already familiar phenomenon” (Pagett, Alan, Nov. 2007). These are just some similarities between science and religion. We cannot understand what the world is coming too and some people think that they can explain, but we will never know.
What are the differences between science and religion? There have been many clashes between religion and science in history. Some past leaders were used to imprisoned scientists. Now much has changed. People ask for the facts and figures, but spiritualization; your character building is not the thing provided by science. So, science and religion are different in the sense of facts and faith. These both are important for our lives, because you cannot write on walls without pens and brains. Pens are provided by the science and the brain and satisfaction by religion. Religion KNOWS "how things came to be this way" and looks around at "what is" for support for that idea. Science looks around at "what is" and comes up with an IDEA...