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School Social Work Interventions With The Special Needs Children

2565 words - 11 pages


Evaluation Plan:
“Power through Choices Life Skills Training” program, is a self- efficacy based intervention to empower adolescent girls living in foster care and independent living programs to make the right choices involving risky sex. Participants who receive this curriculum will increase their sexuality expectations, attitudes, perceptions and self-esteem toward sexual responsibility. Participants will gain the use of practice making healthy sex choices related to various lifestyles and adhering to those choices. The girls who take this curriculum will develop more positive social sexuality expectations ...view middle of the document...

The mission and goals of this intervention is to provide youths in out of home care with specific skills and information to help them avoid risky sexual behavior and reduce the incidence of adolescent pregnancy, HIV and other STD’s. The goals of the curriculum focuses on recognizing and making choices related to sexual behavior, finding and using local resources and developing effective communication skills. Through role plays and other interacting activities participants will increase their awareness practicing reproductive health choices. It emphasizes the importance of building skills related to effective contraceptive use, risk-reduction techniques and provides numerous opportunities for practicing these skills, (Becker& Barth, 2000, p 277).
Target Population:
The populations of interest in this study are adolescent girls in state care between the ages of 14 to 19 year’s old residing in independent living homes throughout Baltimore City. Four focus groups comprised of youth in residential care were conducted across Baltimore City. The independent living homes include Bert’s Too, Challengers, Juneau and Bethel. The means age of the enrollees was 16.8 years old.
Youth in state custody were recruited by word of mouth, through case workers,
E-mail and flyers. The sample for this study was selected from a total population of 85 girls. The population was 45% African Americans, 25% Caucasians and 15% Hispanics. Sixty youth were randomly selected (using the table of random numbers) and randomly assigned to two groups of 30 each. Participants were informed of confidentiality and given a number unconnected to their name. Those who were selected to be in the experimental group met once per week for 10 weeks during 90 minutes sessions. The control group did not receive any treatment but received the initial questionnaire relating to risky sexual behaviors.
Participant’s views of the program:
During the course of the program youths were concerned about teen pregnancy and supported a comprehensive approach to sex education. They wanted to discuss sexual feelings as well as personal relationships. More than 20% of the youth reported an unplanned pregnancy, contacting an STD or being sexually active and never or rarely using protection. The characteristics of these teens include an intense need for affection, the absence of a supportive family and a desire to possess something of their own.
An initial needs assessment was used in the first session of the curriculum’s pilot program so that introductions, questions, concerns and competencies of the youths could be addressed. The youths were regarded as the “experts” and their feedback resulted in direct changes to the curriculum. They provided important suggestions throughout the process of the intervention. Moreover, they were encouraged to discuss the needs of youth in out of home care. The two major themes included issues relating to self...

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