During the early twentieth century schizophrenia was described as a breakdown of integration among emotion, thought, and action. Schizophrenia only attacks one percent of individuals, and your race, culture, ethnicity, or background has no effect on whether you will develop this disease. Schizophrenia usually begins in adolescence or early adulthood, there are rare cases that it starts after this point.
“The symptoms and treatment for schizophrenia are difficult to define.” (Heinrichs,2005; Krueger and Markon, 2006) Some of the following are common symptoms, not all of them appear in each person who is diagnosed. The symptoms are so random and rare that if a symptom ...view middle of the document...
He was incorrect with this assumption, but it did help some of the schizophrenic. Chlorpromazine helped alleviate some of the symptoms such as: it helped calm the agitated schizophrenics, and the emotionally blunted were activated by the drug. This drug does not in any way cure the disease, but it does help patients who are institutionalized be able to be released back into society.
A newer drug that is being used for schizophrenia is seroquel or also known as quetiapine. Seroquel helps block receptors on the nerves for several neurotransmitters, the chemicals that our nerves use to talk to each other. Or in other words it inhibits communication between nerves in the brain. Many doctors believe that a beneficial effect is due to blocking the dopamine type 2 and serotonin type 2 receptors.
Some of the minor side effects of chlorpromazine are: blurred vision, constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, light sensitivity, and nasal congestion. Some of the major side effects are involuntary movement of the face, mouth, tongue, or jaw; lip smacking or puckering; and muscles spasms of the face, neck, or back.
Some of the minor side effects to taking seroquel are: constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, increased appetite, nasal congestion, weight gain. Some of the major side effects are: high blood sugar, tremor, trouble concentrating, speaking, or swallowing, trouble sleeping, walking, or standing, and uncontrolled muscle movements.
The next major breakthrough in the study of schizophrenia actually came from researchers who were searching Parkinson’s disease. After finding out that a person dying of Parkinson’s disease was being depleted of dopamine; so this led researchers to believe that maybe since there was a relation between Parkinson’s disease and the antischizophrenic effects of the chlorpromazine and reserprine that maybe these drugs effects might be producing the same thing. So this is how the theory came about, researchers believing that schizophrenia is caused by too much dopamine, and that the drugs taken to help with the symptoms of schizophrenia are actually decreasing dopamine levels.
Depression and Mania
Every person has experienced depression. Depression does not have to be long term or permanent, it can be triggered by the loss of a loved one, losing a personal possession, or no longer being able to function in life the way you are used to. Although these are easy to get over, there are people who have the tendency toward depression that cannot easily get over it. These people repeatedly fall into depression for no apparent reason, and their depression can be so severe that it can keep them from being able to function on a daily basis. They are unable to keep their job, interact socially with loved ones, unable to eat, and they may not even be able to keep up their personal hygiene.
Another major type of affective disorder is mania, which is the...