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Sc121 Unit 1 Lets Talk Anatomy

1058 words - 5 pages

Let’s talk anatomy

Anatomy is the science of body structures and the relationships among them. It is all around us, it is basically us. The human anatomy deals with basically all the parts of humans, dealing with molecules to bones to the way we function, but that can also get misinterpreted for Physiology which is the study of body functions and how the body parts work, which in this case it is something different.
Anatomy and Physiology are two concepts that are related to each other, as stated before anatomy is the science of body structures and the relationship among them, while Physiology is the study of body functions and how body parts work together. Now, with all of that ...view middle of the document...

This standard position keeps everyone the exact same page when you’re talking about anatomy and physiology. Included with that same position it is good to know that Anterior is front or towards the front, Posterior is back or towards the back, dorsal is back or towards the back (easy way to remember this think of a whales dorsal fin), Ventral is the front or towards the front ( think of an air vent).
The human body is made up of 11 organ systems that work with one another usually interdependently. The 11 systems include the integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, lymphatic systems, respiratory system, digestive system, nervous system, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, urinary system, and last but not least the reproductive system. Let me briefly discuss the functions of each system. The integumentary system is composed of the skin and its associated structures such as hair, fingernails, toenails, sweat glands, and oil glands. The integumentary system protects our body in various of ways, not only does it protect us it helps us regulate the body temperature of our body. The skeletal system is composed of bones (206 to be exact) and joints and the associated cartilages which Is what makes us move every single day. Our skeletal system provides us our framework muscles use. With our bones we store minerals and create blood cells. Muscle man, muscle man! The muscular system is the skeletal muscle tissue, usually attached to our bones some muscles such as our arms and legs are voluntary (you can move them when you want to) and then there are involuntary muscles such as your stomach, heart, intestines, and other organs. Lymphatic Systems, not one you commonly hear when you’re learning about the body systems in elementary school. The lymphatic system is the major defense system of our body. With the lymphatic system it filters out bad organisms that can cause diseases, produce white blood cells, and generate disease-fighting antibodies. “Could you take a deep breath for me please”? The respiratory system, bringing air to your lungs and...

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