This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience.

Sample And Data Collection Paper

1918 words - 8 pages

ï»¿

Sampling and Data Collection in Research Paper
Nykia Alford-Devezin
BSHS 435
April 5, 2016
Dr. Nicole Harris
Sample and Data Collection in Research Paper
In many ways, all research relies on observation. Research is empirical and by definition is perceived through the senses meaning, observed. Observation as a data collection method is underutilized in the human service field. In most cases, the person whose traits are being observed and the person performing the observation are different people. This deems observation less biased than other methods of data collection. Anastas (1999) brought to light that "we live in an age where observations are often a preferred form ...view middle of the document...

Nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio are levels of measurement that all refer to the relationship of values assigned to attributes for a variable. These levels of measurement are important because a researcher needs to see if there are differences in the data collected (Monette, Sullivan, & Dejong, 2011).
Nominal measurement gives a numerical value just to name an attribute uniquely. For example, a football player with the number 34 on his jersey is no more important than a player with the number 2 on his jersey. In ordinal measurement, the attributes are ranked in order. So if one was conducting a research study on cigarette smoking, capturing how many packs three smokers consume in a day the data could look like this: (1) three packs a day smoker (2) two packs a day smoker (3) one pack a day smoker. Another example of ordinal scaling is a level of agreement, no, maybe, yes or political orientation, left, center, right. The interval scale of measurement indicates the distance one object is from another. Examples of interval scaling are the time of day on a 12-hour clock and the temperature either measured in Fahrenheit or Celsius. A ratio scale has an absolute zero point of existence. It allows for comparison, such as a building being twice as high as the building sitting next to it. It also contains data from all three previous levels. Examples of ratio in measurement are a student's grade point average, a ruler in inches or centimeters, and years of work experience (Trochim, 2006). Each level of measurement possesses characteristics of the preceding levels, like nominal being the most simple, but the ratio is the most sophisticated.
Sampling is an important element of research, because of the impact that it can have on the quality of research findings. The main reason for sampling is to obtain a smaller piece of a larger population of data to be collected (Baran & Jones, 2016). Automakers in the U.S. have to demonstrate that their cars can survive certain crash test scenarios. Now the car company will not be able to crash every car in their inventory to demonstrate that they are safe, thus the reason they choose to crash only samples of cars. Sampling also lessens costs, time, and enhances more accurate results in sampling and inaccessibility of disadvantaged populations, e.g., prisoners, disaster survivors, people with severe mental illness, etc. A strong suit of sampling is that it enables ease of access to the data collected; petitioning many "diverse groups of smaller size" can translate more accurate results.
The importance of sampling is that a researcher or research group can determine sufficient results from a total number of target populations through surveying a smaller group within it. Thus, it will be used in a research study to warrant adequately generalities of the findings toward the target population. The advantages of sampling are, it is economical and practical, it produces faster data, decreases costs, and it yields...

Other Papers Like Sample and Data Collection Paper

Sampling and Data Collection Plan Essay

855 words - 4 pages Sampling and Data Collection Plan QNT 561 August 3, 2014 Kevin Masick Sampling and Data Collection Plan. Customer service is an important part of any business and can mean the success or failure of a business. It is important to know that a business cannot make everyone happy but can do everything in their ability to make improvement in areas where customer service is lacking. Express Card (EC) customer service call

Data Collection And Analysis Grid

697 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Data Collection and Analysis Grid Use the two articles assigned by your facilitator to identify the following data collection, analysis, and measurement elements for the studies. Limit each box to no more than three sentences. | |Qualitative |Quantitative

Data Collection and Analysis of Starbucks Coffee Corporation

1482 words - 6 pages Data Collection and Analysis of Starbucks Coffee Corporation Keller Graduate School of Management HRM 592: Training and Development February 10, 2013 Data Collection Analysis of Starbuck Coffee Corporation Starbucks, as we know, is the largest global coffee company and coffeehouse chain in the world. Employees, otherwise known as “partners”, serve hot and cold beverages, whole-bean coffee, instant coffee, tea and food to its customers or

Sample Data Interpretation and Analysis

1158 words - 5 pages enjoyment and pleasure (Visioli, et al, 2012).Chocolate has been clinically proven to contain healthy components that settle stress, induce euphoria, improve mental performance, and boost alertness.Since the given data above show us that a large number of respondents have high positive views on the benefits of chocolates, a positive correlation exists, thus giving a high opportunity for the Azucar Chocolate Company to market their chocolate

566 words - 3 pages agreement from stakeholders Data collection methodology (2 of 2) Step 2: Deploy − Clearly articulate the expectations and requirements to the data collector − Give sample data formats, if required − Review the first few data points collected to ensure data collection is as per the requirements Step 3: Review − Check the data for integrity, accuracy and sufficiency Sampling – Means for data collection • Definition − Sampling is a

Chemicals

1798 words - 8 pages solid into one of the sample holders of the Melt Station. 13. Connect the Melt Station power supply to a powered electrical outlet. 14. Connect the Melt Station sensor cable to LabQuest or to a computer interface. 15. Start the data-collection program, then choose New from the File menu. You are now set up to take melting temperature data for up to 20 minutes. 16. In the first trial, you will want to observe the melting process and

M&M Essay

1224 words - 5 pages purpose of this report is to examine the five project parts of an M&M analysis and examine a method for quality control. The parts of this project included using random sampling to gather data on the number of colored M&M candies, the sample proportion and sample mean, constructing a 95% confidence interval and testing claims of M&M candies. By the end of this report a better understanding of the methods behind packing M&M candies

Case Study

717 words - 3 pages Fin 700 Tianqi Sun Dr. Al. Barzykowsi Dec. 19, 2015 Short Paper - Statistical Methods This paper talks about statistical methods. Statistical data indicates that the agency 's approach is characterized by its population by inference Presented from a representative sample of the population views. As scientists rarely observed throughout Crowd, sampling and statistical inference is essential. This paper discusses some of the general

Regression I4

912 words - 4 pages ï»¿ Regression I4 Tiffany Carter QNT 275 August 31, 2015 Dr. Stephen Loro TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION 3 Research Problem 3 Purpose of Study 3 Research Question 3 Null and Alternative Hypothesis 3 Alpha Level of Significance 4 Variable Definitions 4 Limitations 4 II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 4 Background 4 III. METHODOLOGY 5 Research Design 5 Data Collection 5 Data 5 Descriptive Statistics

Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Paper

1210 words - 5 pages parameters. “A population parameter usually is unknown and can be estimated only from what you know about a sample taken from that population” (Aaron& Aaron & Coups, 2009). The population in this example would be considered the 100 people surveyed. This is where inferential statistics comes into play. The fact, that we do not have access to the data of the entire population, this collection of 100 people, is called a sample. This sample is used

Data and Statistics

4897 words - 20 pages (Mercer Management Consulting, Inc., April 24, 1997). The \$387,325 is an example of a.|categorical data| b.|quantitative data| c.|a descriptive statistic| d.|Both quantitative data and a descriptive statistic are correct.| ANS: D PTS: 1 43. Statistical inference a.|refers to the process of drawing inferences about the sample based on the characteristics of the population| b.|is the same as descriptive statistics| c.|is the process of

Related Essays

Data Collection Paper

1632 words - 7 pages Data Collection Paper RES/341 Courtney Archbold, Christy Baker, Lisa Battiato, Liz Rabago, Melissa Keen, Samantha Jones February, 12 2012 Professor Kevin Kuznia The researchers concluded in their investigation that there is a pattern of events during the course of real estate investments during certain years demographically within the United States. Investors who made investment in California, Illinois, and Ohio, between the years 1975

Data Collection Paper

2400 words - 10 pages Data Collection Paper March 25, 2012 RES/341 Purpose Team B intends to conduct research to evaluate a possible correlation between wage earner salaries and production levels. Team B’s hypothesis indicates the higher an individual’s salary, the higher level of production he or she will produce. For purposes of this research, Team B intends to gather information and knowledge through observation, data

Data Collection Paper

820 words - 4 pages Data Collection Paper University of Phoenix RES/ 341 Research and Evaluation I Data Collection Paper Cuando se requiere colecta data en cualquier momento de nuestras vidas siempre es con el fin de averiguar algo. La colección de esta data nos da información precisa que nos ayuda a llegar a conclusiones precisas con respecto a lo que estamos investigando. Y sin lugar a dudas, los problemas que se investigan con el uso de métodos

Sampling And Data Collection Plan Essay

1509 words - 7 pages ï»¿ Sampling and Data Collection Plan Twanna Perkins QNT 561 Business Research & Statistics August 24, 2015 Professor Dr. Luis R. Mora Sampling and Data Collection Plan Introduction This paper outlines the sampling and data collection procedure. The sampling will be used to test the null hypothesis against the alternate hypothesis: H0: Implementing Total Quality Management (TQM) will not increase product quality. HA