A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
Ebenezer Scrooge acts as the main character within this novel in which he is depicted as a “squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, old sinner as self-contained and as solitary as an oyster”. He is incapable of relationships. However, throughout his life of suffering he is guided by the Ghosts of Christmas past, Christmas Present and of Christmas future. A Christmas Carol is a celebration of Christmas and the good it inspires.
Scrooge was a cold and old disgruntled man that saw no purpose in life, wouldn’t accept changes, and wished to be alone. The heaviest rain, snow, hail and sleet were just like any other days that had no effect ...view middle of the document...
This is when Scrooge starts to realize his true character, a weak man caught tight into a web of money. Marley warns Scrooge about the future visits of ghosts.
The first ghost, the ghost of Christmas past takes Scrooge on a visit to his childhood school. Scrooge recognizes every gate, post, and tree. At first Scrooge is eager to see his school, but soon he is flooded with many lonely memories of his past. Scrooge soon sees the sad sight of a lonely, small school boy (his past self) sitting by a weak, feeble fire waiting for his unloving father to return. Scrooge cries, feeling sorry for himself, as he was a lonely boy, and realizes that he is like his father. Just as Scrooge turned away the caroler, Scrooge’s father turned him away at a young age. The ghost of Christmas Past takes Scrooge on a tour of his unpleasant childhood and his neglected feelings from his father. As well as showing Scrooge the bad times, Scrooge is shown how joyous and festive the Christmas time can be at Fezziwig’s party. Scrooge remembers the loss of his fiancée, Belle. This shows the readers that Scrooge had an emotional past, and buries his upmost feelings behind a harsh, mean figure.
The second ghost, the ghost of Christmas present, represents charity and empathy. A majestic giant clad in a green robe escorts Scrooge on a tour of the present Christmas and holiday celebrations. The specter shows Scrooge the Cratchit household rejoicing the Christmas period; although poverty-stricken the family still are kind and gentle to one another. Bob Cratchit's youngest son, crippled from birth, sit happily amongst his other brothers and sisters. Tiny Tim is a highly sentimentalized character who Dickens uses to highlight the tribulations of England's poor and to elicit sympathy from his middle and upper class readership. Scrooge is shown a real family, caring for and loving one-another. In this case it shows that Scrooge has a chance of changing the near future, and saving Tiny Tim's life. The Cratchits represent a moral family. You don’t have to be rich to be happy, basically. Scrooge is rich but he’s lonely and isolated so consequently, he isn’t happy. But there you have the Cratchits, who are poor, do hard work, are burdened by the sadness of their son being a cripple, and are still happy. Because they are together, they have each other. When watching them, Scrooge realizes what he’s been missing out on, begins to understand why Christmas matters even to poor people, and starts to regret the stinginess and cold-nature he shows to his clerk.
The third ghost harrows Scrooge with terrible visions of the future if he does not learn and act upon what he has witnessed. Most disturbing to Scrooge are visions of a pawnbroker bidding on Scrooge’s belongings, stolen from his home by his domestic servants. The third ghost only shows him the future and gives Scrooge the opportunity to draw his own conclusions. Scrooge doesn’t like what he sees and begs for the opportunity...