Russia In Revolution
Russia experienced three revolutions in the 1900's. The first in 1905,
the second in March 1917 then in November 1917. The events of these
revolutions saw five characteristics of modern revolution emerge.
Ideology, leadership, organization, foreign influence and violence and
terror were all present to a strong extent in the revolutions of 1905,
and an even stronger extent in the November revolution of 1917.
The ideology present in both 1905 and 1917 was the ideology of
autocracy. Autocracy is when a county is led by one supreme ruler. It
is much like a dictatorship except ...view middle of the document...
There is evidence to prove that leadership
is present to a large extent in the tsar's decisions. He made many bad
decisions which were important because they lead to his downfall, for
example the bad choice of leading his people to war twice and getting
many of them killed, and ignoring the Wars' impact on the lower
classes. (Source 2) Leadership was also present in 1917 when Lenin and
Trotsky took over the dual government, and control of the country.
Their leadership was apparent when they took over the running of the
country from the dual government. Leadership was definitely present to
a large extent in 1905 and 1917.
Organization was present to a strong extent with the organization of
200, 00 people for the Bloody Sunday march in 1905, and also in March
1917 with the organization of revolutionary propaganda in the war, but
is evident to the strongest extent in the November 1917 revolution.
When looking at source 3 it is evident that the extent of organization
demonstrated was huge. It would have taken a lot of organizing, mainly
by Trotsky and Lenin, to take over this many key places in such a
International influence is another characteristic that Russia
experienced during its revolutionary periods to a very strong extent
in each case. Nicholas wanted to extend Russia's boundaries to include
Constantinople, Manchuria and Korea, places that the Japanese also
wanted to conquer. On the 8th of February 1904 the Japanese attacked,
and Nicholas committed Russia to war. This war lasted until May the
next year. This War resulted in about 90,000 casualties, inflation and
shortages of food and materials. Due to this strong international
influence the people were discontent, leading to the first revolution
in 1905. In 1914, World War I broke out, and Russia was almost
immediately involved. The international influence of World War I was
probably the single most important factor in the March 1917
revolution. The Russian soldiers were ill-equipped; many of them were
killed so the tsar conscripted peasants to fight. The First World War
had the same effects of high prices and low quantity as the
Russo-Japanese War, but to a much larger extent. The tsar left the
country for the battlefield and could see the poor condition of the
soldiers, (source 4), and was informed of the conditions back in
Petrograd, but did nothing. This led to Nicholas being...