Rural Development In India Essay

593 words - 3 pages

India is predominantly an agrarian country. Therefore 80%

of India's population lives in villages. Hence it becomes

important that proportionate amount of attention and funds

be spent for betterment of the rural folk. But inspite of their

being in majority, they have been lagging behind in the

fields of education, civic amenities, medical facilities and

economic well being. So the Government of India realize the

need of improvement of condition of rural people. Many

programmes and projects for the upliftment of rural folk

have been started.

One of the earliest steps taken was to bring about the

Community Development Programme which was started in

1952. Its purpose was to ensure the supply of improved

high quality seeds, modern implements and chemical

manures to farmers. Also irrigation facilities were improved,

facilities were provided for the upliftment of livestock and

small-scale village industries. ...view middle of the document...

The

launching of this programme was widely welcomed as a

better deal for the rural poor.

Under IRDP there were further smaller agencies like Small

Farmers Development Agency (SFDA). The Drought Prone

Areas Programme (DPAP), Command Area Development

(CAD), Desert Development Programme (DDP) which all

aimed at rural upliftment. Under this programme of

upliftment, mahajani debts of small and marginal cultivators

and agricultural labourers have been written off. The

bonded labour has been freed. House sites have been made

available for the rural poor. Surplus land has been

distributed among the landless and the small farmers.

Schemes like Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment

(TRYSEM) were started and priority was given to youth

trained under this scheme to obtain IRDP loan.

The programmes were also assisted internationally e.g. USA

has been giving liberal loans for projects which have been

initiated in the villages. Besides economic scheme, a rural

health scheme was launched in the country, which aimed at

training of community health workers. Another important

programme, "Operation Flood" v/as launched in July 1970,

with the assistance of World Food Programme (WEP) to

bring about a real breakthrough in milk production. This

programme ensured a link between the rural milk producers

and urban milk processing plants.

Several other steps have also been taken for rural

upliftment. Agricultur al incomes have been exempted from

income tax and wealth tax. Zamindari system has been

abolished. Recently Jawahar Rojgar Youjna has been

launched from 26th April, 1989. Under this scheme 30% of

the employment to be generated would be reserved for

women; at least one member of the poor family in the rural

areas for 50-100 days in a year will be provided employment

near his or her residence.

So in all, there are many such programmes aiming at the

rural upliftment, but what all -they need is proper

infrastructure and a proper system of monitoring and

evaluation. Then, there is no doubt that socio-economic

reforms can uplift the rural masses from their present

position. Although it is a challenging task, but not

impossible.

Other Papers Like Rural Development in India

Rural Lpg Marketing in India Essay

2420 words - 10 pages )has been launched to reach India in villages. • Release LPG connection to BPL families predominantly in rural India. Challenges in Expanding Use of LPG •Ensuring reliable supply– • Additional LPG production capacity and Import Facilities • Development of adequate transportation (pipelines and rail-tank-wagons • Storage installations. •Ensuring accessibility – • Reliable distribution system even in rural areas •Increasing affordability – • Reduce

The Process of Contract Farming in India Rural Economy Is a New Concept.Docx Uploaded Successfully

692 words - 3 pages The process of Contract Farming in India Rural Economy is a new concept. The process of contract farming involves cultivating and harvesting for and on behalf of big business establishments or Government agencies and forwarding the produce at a pre-determined price. In return, the contracted farmers are offered high price against their farm produce. The role of contract farming in India rural economy is becoming more and more important, since

Prospects of Shale Gas Development in India

3100 words - 13 pages PROSPECTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA: A term paper by Tejal Johri (MPE1296) and Shruti Sharma (MPE1293) for Semester 1 Course: Environment and Development Department of Policy Studies, The Energy and Resource Institute (New Delhi) Submitted on 9th December 2012 Table of Contents Executive Summary 1 Literature Review 4 Scope 6 Conclusion 10 Works Cited 11 Executive Summary The gradual shift of the US gas sector- from

Academic Progression Under Odl Mode

1023 words - 5 pages course in Humanities(FSH) component. FSH in turn consists of an Elective in Rural Development (ERD). It is a non-compulsory course but the starting point for anybody who wishes to pursue his career/ research in the field of Rural development. Rural Development The vast rural area of the country, the large number of functionaries working in the area of rural development and the future employment opportunities that this developing sector is

Social Issues

834 words - 4 pages  Relevance of National Rural Health Mission Reproductive Health Status of Women in India Female Infanticide in India The Status Of Education And Vocational Training In India Plight of Indian Women: Victims of NRI marriages Problem of Child Abuse Sustainable Development Class Struggle Women Employment in India Literacy Rate In India Woman Empowerment In India Drug Abuse in India Dowry System in India HIV/AIDS in India Poverty

Rural Marketing

419 words - 2 pages NEW DELHI, AUG. 1:  Steel majors such as SAIL and Tata Steel are beefing up their presence in rural areas to tap the rising demand, largely driven by the construction sector. The growth has been significant in the past few years. A recent study by IMRB estimates per-capita steel consumption in rural India at about 9.8 kg, a five-fold growth in six years. The National Steel Policy-2005 had estimated per-capita rural consumption at two kg then

Doc, Docx, Pdf,

5326 words - 22 pages with 13% of them having a population of above 2000.4 For the people of rural India, agriculture is the main occupation. Agriculture contributes 17.8% to India’s GDP with about 60% of the workforce employed in the agriculture sector in 2008.5 Since independence, rural India went through a socio-economic transformation due to the various initiatives taken by the ministry of rural development.6 However, till 1990s, the gap between rural and urban

Cci Last Mile Distribution Challenge

1178 words - 5 pages not be able to get good talent to distribute and increase visibility of the product. The company will have to spend a lot on training and development. As the economy of the rural India is mainly depended on agriculture the consumption of the product may be also seasonal. So the company will have to plan its marketing and distribution strategy in this line after proper study. * Describe the confectionary market in India. How is the market

Why Rural India Is Important?

1140 words - 5 pages with the diversity of India. It would also deal with the problem of migration. These are the reasons that rural India has become so important for the policy-makers. As seen from the perspective of the whole country, developments in the rural area will add to the overall development of the country. For example, our industries need to employ literate labour force. But most of the people residing in rural areas are illiterate. So the need of the

Ceo, Mart

635 words - 3 pages voluntarily opted out of the corporate world to serve the poor. In 1993 he started MART as a ‘Business Mind Social Heart’ organization based on ethical and spiritual principles. MART has given marketing advice to many social enterprises in India, Nepal and Bangladesh. He has been Marketing Advisor to Ministry of Rural Development, GoI; Chairman, Khadi Commission national marketing committee and has served on Prime Minister Office and Chief Minister

Future Innovations on Phones

720 words - 3 pages capital in India, therefore we need to develop the equal opportunities for the isolated communities and enable them to access the elitist structure of Indian education. With the weak and tottering foundation India will not be able to achieve social and economic development The key challenge of India is to rapidly provide opportunities to the rural population to empower them with education and make them literate, and develop basic leadership and

Related Essays

Rural Economy In India Essay

558 words - 3 pages followed barter system for trading i.e. the excess of agricultural produce were exchanged against other items. The agriculture produce and system in India are varied and thus offers a wide agricultural product portfolio. Today, the rural economy in India and its subsequent productivity growth is predicated to a large extent upon the development of its 700-million strong rural population. The agricultural economy of India is drafted according to

Itc In Rural India Essay

1903 words - 8 pages CASE ANALYSIS: ITC IN RURAL INDIA * GROUP K2 INDIAN CONTEXT: India is a secular state, majority being Hindus. A large chunk of the Indian population still continues to live in the rural areas, their major occupation being agriculture. After independence, Indian economic strategy favoured production of capital goods which lead to development of industrial base. Private sector had to obtain manufacturing licenses for other industries

Retail In Rural India Essay

5084 words - 21 pages RETAIL IN RURAL INDIA Introduction Introduction of modern-format, large-scale retailing is nothing less than an innovation in the area of Indian distribution and retail activities. Unlike most other developed and developing markets of the world, modern-format large-scale retail in India is a recent phenomenon. While “India’s retail sector is expected to grow from its current $350 bn. to $427 bn. by 2010” (Morierty, et al, 2007 : 9), modern

Rural Urban Divide In India Essay

3115 words - 13 pages Rural Urban divide in India The sharp increase in rural-urban disparities in India after decades of planned development is alarming, for planning itself was conceived as an instrument to narrow down such disparities. RURAL-urban disparities, particularly in post-colonial countries, have for long been one of the causes of concern for the policymakers. The disparities are seen in all spheres of human life - economic and non-economic. The long