The Punic Wars
The Punic wars were a series of conflicts fought between forces of Carthage and Rome between 264 BC and 146 BC. At the time Rome had been claiming land and conquering territory, when Rome ventured to cross the Sicilian Strait, 1 the Romans wanted to conquer as much as they could, with that they now had many different supporters as well as many different people out to get them and wanting to start fights.
Many of the starts of the Punic wars were with Carthage, a large city located on the coast of what is now Lebanon. Carthage was the only great city states that rivaled Rome’s power, wealth and population. 2 Though Carthage had clashed with many different powers, they ...view middle of the document...
2 In 264 BC, Rome intervened, involving an attack by soldiers from the city of Syracuse against the city of Messina. Carthage supporting Syracuse and Rome supporting Messina.5 The king of Syracuse then formed an alliance with the Carthaginians to drive the Romans out of the island. Town after town fell to the Roman Army; and in the Second year of the war the important city of Agrigentum was captured after a siege of several months. 5 In late 264 BC Rome and Carthage declared war on each other for the control of Sicily. Rome was so caught up with having as much power as they could, going to war and winning territory was the name of the game. Rome used the territory they had control over as leverage against Carthage in the war, Rome was worried that if Carthage gains control of Sicily which was very close to Italy they could threaten Rome directly.
Appius Claudius Caudex was the consul of Rome in 264 BC, he was given command to the war, he saw an opportunity to win, military achievement. Roman Armies take control of enemies’ ships and construct their own. Both Carthage and Rome both had large expenses to participate in the war, but with the ownership of Sicily at stake they both knew what it would take to win and come out on top. 260 BC the Carthaginians were now plundering the northern coast of Sicily near Mylae, Without delay the Romans sailed to meet them, as the fleets came together the Romans used the Corvus for the first time and, won in hand to hand combat and half of Carthage’s ships had been captured or sunk by Rome. The Romans had fought and gained their first epic battle at sea. 2
In 256 BC felt as if they were ready to carry the war into Africa, with a win behind them they thought they were ready to win again. Unfortunately the Battle of Tunis in the spring of 255 BC Rome lost to Carthage, this was a huge loss for Rome, loss of a consul as well as loss of troops. After a nearly unbroken streak of wins, in 249 BC Carthage defeats the Romans at Drepana but was forced to withdraw due to a lack of manpower and supplies.6 Hamilcar Barca; Gaius Lutatius Catulus were advised to make peace as there was no more options and ended the war. 241 BC Carthage signs a peace treaty under the terms of Carthage retreating in Sicily and to scrap its fleet, requiring a limit to its ships distance, go through Rome with any future wars as well as 3200 talents. Carthage unfortunately couldn’t pay their own war monies and then were owing Rome money.
Carthage spent many years following...