Roman Empire Innovations Essay

1630 words - 7 pages

Romans found new societal and technological innovations which led their empire to be a sustainable society. These innovations helped the Roman Empire to be successful and peaceful. They aided in making everyone content, including the conquered and prevented wars from breaking out within the empire. Technological innovations helped the citizens live a comfortable and healthy life. New innovations included new beneficial laws.

The last king of Rome was Tarquin the Proud. A harsh tyrant, he was driven from power in 509 B.C. The Romans declared they would never again be ruled by a king. Instead, they established a republic the Latin phrase res publica, which means “public affairs.” A republic ...view middle of the document...

” (page 160)
The patricians inherited their power and social status. They claimed that their ancestry gave them authority to make laws for Rome. The plebeians were citizens of Rome with the right to vote. However, they were barred by law from holding the most important government positions. In time, Rome’s leaders allowed the plebeians to form their own assembly and elect representatives called tribunes. Tribunes protected the rights of the plebeians from unfair acts of patrician officials. (page 156)

It can be seen that the problem was that patrician were lording power over the plebeians. Electing tribunes to protect the rights of a plebeian was important because it helped the empire be fair and equal to all the citizens which helped everyone be content. This prevented violent demonstrations from breaking out.
“With laws unwritten, patrician officials often interpreted the law to suit themselves. In 451 B.C., a group of ten officials began writing down Rome’s laws. The laws were carved on twelve tablets, or tables, and hung in the Forum. They became the basis for later Roman law. The Twelve Tables established the idea that all free citizens had a right to the protection of the law.” (page 156)

Having laws made but unwritten caused the patricians to change it slightly so that it suited them. The innovation, which was to carve it in tablets and hang it in the Forum where everyone could go and see, aided the plebeians in having protection of the law from the patricians. In the later years, the Romans came to believe that laws should be equal to all citizens whether they were rich or not. This was a great innovation for the empire to work out because the poor would not be worried about being treated miserably. This also influenced other countries to treat all people equally and because it had a positive result, we still use this basis of legal systems today. “As the empire grew, however, the Romans came to believe that laws should be fair and apply equally to all people, rich and poor.” (page 181)
There were also many other problems between the patricians and plebeians later during the empire’s existence.

As the gap between the rich and poor grew wider, the number of people who lost their farms and land increased. This caused the number of the urban poor to increase and lead to potential problems. The patrician, who owned huge estates, could produce large amounts of crop. They enslaved people captured in various wars and sold them for cheaper prices than the poor farmers who only could afford land of a small size. This resulted in unsold crops for the common farmers and the only solution was to sell their land. The outcome of it was that farmers and their families lost their homes and left them unemployed. An absolute ruler, named Caesar who was appointed dictator in 46 B.C., found a resolution to create jobs such as constructing new public buildings so that the people in poverty could earn money for themselves. He also started...

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