GOVERNANCE AND QUALITY ASSURANCE
Role of ICT in the governance of higher education
Mrs. Shankarisankar, M.A.,MPHIL.,M.ED.,MPHIL., HDCA., DMTT
SRM SCHOOL OF TEACHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH
The increasing use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has brought changes to teaching and learning at all levels of higher education systems (HES). Across the past twenty years the use of ICT has fundamentally changed the practices and procedures of nearly all forms of endeavour within business and governance. Traditional forms of teaching and learning are increasingly being converted to online and virtual environments. ICT increases the ...view middle of the document...
In India, many programmes and schemes such as free and compulsory primary education, 'Education for All' Movement (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan), National Literacy Mission etc have been launched by government to improve the education system.
The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are being increasingly used by the governments to deliver its services at the locations convenient to the citizens. Department of Information and Technology (DIT) under Ministry of Communication and Information and Technology (MCIT) has conceptualised and launched innovative Mission Mode Projects (MMP) under National e-Governance Plan (NeGP). The objective of MMP under NeGP is to create an overall framework to facilitate line Ministries and departments to initiate their major ICT-enabled administrative reforms and initiatives. This is an attempt to enhance Government to Citizen (G2C), Government to Business (G2B), Government to Employee (G2E), Government to Government (G2G), Government to Stakeholder (G2S) respectively) experience in terms of enhanced efficiency, effectiveness, accountability, transparency, agility, evolutionary development and gradual adoption.
Education is a huge subject with various facet and stakeholders attached to it like primary/ secondary/ higher education, professional education, administrative bodies, schools/ colleges/ institutions, etc. In the current NeGP MMP, there is a small cover for education through initiatives like CSC’s (Common Services Centers); however it requires a very different platform and focus to drive such a Dream. One of the biggest features of ICT is to help in conceptualising the concept/ initiative in evolutionary manner and gradual adoption and the biggest challenges in Education is the content, and the still higher challenge is maintaining and sustaining the content updated especially in today’s ever-changing times. In education, even sky is not the limit. Within education, ICT has begun to have a presence and it use in education lends itself to more student-centered learning settings.
The goal for the 11th Five Year plan for 2007-2012 is an increase of five percent in the enrolment rate of higher education equivalent to the creation of approximately 8 million new seats in Indian higher and technical education. Some of the steps are: (i) establishment of a central autonomous university in each state, (ii) higher education institutions in each district of the countries, (iii) private institutions may be granted deemed university status, (iv) creation of more Inter-University Centers, and (v) funding of up to 150 new polytechnics autonomous colleges. Further, all institutions are asked to make higher education more inclusive, more responsive to economic needs, and raise quality.
Curriculum design is a relatively under–engaged area within higher education debate, policy formulation and practices (Barnett & Coate, 2005). Curriculum planning involves a series of organizational methods...