Role and Functions of Law
May 21, 2013
Role and Functions of Law
Law is an important element to any civilized society. Without law the parameters of civilization would remain undefined. Law applies to everything in today’s society from personal life, to employment, and finally the government. The best way to describe law is a “body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by controlling authority, and having legal binding force” (Melvin, 2011, p. 4). Therefore, laws are the basis of forming society to conduct business in normal daily operations through the roles and function of law. The laws that govern the citizens within the United States are ...view middle of the document...
2. Substantive and procedural law work hand-in-hand with each other. Procedural laws are specific guidelines that the courts use when handling substantive law, which are the social rights and duties of the people. For example: a 13-year-old boy decides to kill an elderly man and tries to get away with the crime (substantive law), and the court will determine if the 13-year-old boy would be tried as an adult or juvenile (procedural law). 3. Public and private law - Public laws are implemented to ensure that individuals follow certain guidelines made by the government to protect society. Private laws are guidelines that protect individuals from each other and maintaining respect among each other personal property. For example: No littering, if caught will have to pay fine of $500 (public law), and a neighbor installed fence that exceeded property line to connect to another neighbors fence (private law).
The functions of law are designed to protect the interests of individuals, companies, government, and society. People should keep in mind the following to maintain order and respect as an individual, a company, the government, or society: maintain peace, speak out by voting government officials, protect the environment, and promote economic growth and social justice. The government implemented a listing of rules for individuals and companies to follow as a guide to protecting ones interest. These functions of law rules are broken into the following eight categories: 1. The Constitution of the United States - Implemented to create laws, protect human rights, and elect political representatives by speaking out through the voting process. 2. Administrative – The ability for the people to speak out when a government official are making bad decisions. 3. International – The United States government works with foreign countries for business trades, and maintaining peace amongst countries to prevent war. 4. Contract – Agreements for big purchases and promises to pay back any money owed for purchases. 5. Property – Rules to follow when renting, buying, or selling property. 6. Tort – A way to receive money from others who damages property. 7. Trust – Any asset that has been invested. 8. Criminal – Committing an illegal act, charged, prosecuted, found guilty of the crime, punishment, and fines imposed.
Function and Roles of Law in Employment
Laws created for employment purposes are designed protect both the company and its employees against unethical acts. Companies...