Risk Factors Involved In Breast Cancer

595 words - 3 pages

{draw:frame} Com 220 Professor Jon Saul By There are many risk factors involved with breast cancer. Many of these risk factors onecannot change. Gender is one of those risk factors. Breast cancer is found mainly in women who carrya one out of eight chance in being diagnosed during a lifetime. The main reason women develop breast cancer is because the “breast cells are constantly exposed to the growth-promoting effects of female hormonesestrogen and progesterone.” (ACS) Breast cancer is about 100 times more common in women than in men. Aging is another risk factor, which increases as one getsolder. Invasive breast cancer increases after age 45 from one out of eight to two out of three. Genetic risk factors are hereditary. If a woman has a family history of breast cancer, her risk factors of breast cancer are double. Race plays ...view middle of the document...

6 to 7.69 pounds," says Isabel dos Santos Silva, MD, PhD, professor of epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the study's lead author. (WebMD) The chart below shows the risk factors for Placebo and Tamoxifen in women by age. {draw:a} BJM (2000) Most people do not know what happens to the body when breast cancer goes untreated. According to Mokbel and Cutuli (2006), during a study of untreated breast cancer, when breast cancer goes untreated, about 39% will develop invasivebreast cancer over about three decades. Out of those 39% about 45% will die from metastatic disease. Depending on what type of cancer one may get and how aggressive the cancer is determines how long it will take for the cancer to turn into an invasive form. Breast cancer is a very serious disease among women. Statistics have shown that one out of eight women is diagnosed with breast cancer, and one out of one-thousandin men. However,with many risk factors involved women can be at higher risks than the typical one out of eight. Risk factors can increase onesrisks as high as two out of three. Taking measures to detect breast cancer in its earliest stages can increase chances of survival. Getting treatment of breast cancer early can reduce the chances of spreading and reoccurrence. Taking precautions to detect breast cancer early include doing self breast exams on a monthly basis, clinical breast exams, and yearly mammograms after age 40. Informing the doctor immediately if one finds a lump or thick tissue in the breast will help to detect breastcancer in early stages. If one has any questions or concerns about his or her risk of breast cancer he or she should talk to their doctor. References American Cancer Society, n.d.; retrieved October 19, 2008 from www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_1x.asp?dt=5 National Cancer Institute, November 1, 2007; retrieved October 19, 2008 from www.Cancer.gov/cancertopics WebMD; 2008; retrieved October 20, 2008; at www.webmd.com/breast-cancer

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