RISE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
The invading army touched the boarders of Rome, which had been left totally undefended. In 410 C.E. (common area), the Visigoths, led by Alaric, breached the walls of Rome and ravaged the capital of the Roman Empire.
The Visigoths looted, burned, vandalized, and pillaged their way through the city, leaving a trail of destruction wherever they went. The plundering continued for three days. For the first time in nearly a millennium, the city of Rome was in the hands of someone other than the Romans. This was the first time that the city of Rome was sacked, but by no means the last.
Constantine and the Beginning of Christianity
One of the many factors that ...view middle of the document...
This map of the Roman Empire in 476 C.E. shows the various people who invaded and how they carved up the Empire.
In 324, Constantine's army defeated the forces of Licinius, the emperor of the east. Constantine became emperor of this massive amount of land and established a new capital city in the eastern half at Byzantium. The city was his “New Rome” and was later named Constantinople (the "city of Constantine").
Empress Theodora was one of the most powerful women of late antiquity. She helped keep her husband, Emperor Justinian, in power and trained soldiers to meet the strength of the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century C.E. as the western part of the Empire collapsed.
Constantinople was well situated for two reasons. First, it was on dry land that could be fortified and defended easily. Further, because Constantinople was located on the borders of the empire, other armies could respond more easily to external attacks or threats.
Some scholars also believe that Constantine established a new city in order to provide a place for the new religion of Christianity to grow in an area bigger than corrupt Rome.
The western Empire spoke Latin and was Roman Catholic. The eastern Empire spoke Greek and worshipped under the Eastern Orthodox branch of the Christian church. Over time, the east Empire thrived, while the west crumbled. After the western part of the Roman Empire fell, the eastern half continued to exist as the Byzantine Empire for hundreds of years. Therefore, the "fall of Rome" really refers only to the fall of the western half of the Empire.
Other problems contributed to the fall. In the economically...