Rights Of Life Essay

2086 words - 9 pages

INTRODUCTION
Over the last few decades, the protection of human rights has increased significantly and becomes the most challenge for the organizations of human rights. It occupies not only the specialist but a public as a whole public all over the world. The United Nation defined the human rights as ’’rights underlying to all human beings, regardless of place of residence, sex, our nationality or ethnic origin, , religion, colour language, or any other status. people are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible .
In addition to the definition of human rights, There are three main convention ...view middle of the document...

The theme of this essay to examine the differences between the three regional systems for protecting human rights on protection the rights of life and the prohibition of torture and other type of corporal punishments. This essay will first discuss the differences between the three regional systems in the protection of the rights of life specifically the death penalty with controversial case associated with the rights of life. then it will converse the prohibition of torture and other types of corporal punishment with also a controversial case showing the prohibition of torture.

THE DIFFERENCES IN PROTECTION THE RIGHT OF LIFE.
The rights of life is one of the most important and fundamental rights for all human around the world. This rights may cause controversial issue that must be addressed by the regional systems for protecting human rights. There are quite differences between the three regional system for protecting human rights in how they protect the rights of life. Firstly, according to Javaid Rehman (2010), the European convention protects the rights of life by the Article 2 which is the most fundamental of all people and this rights is non-derogable even in war or emergency situation. Although the right of life is non-derogable, the expectation of this right is self defense. The death penalty is also prohibited since 1983 and the majority of states member ratified the protocol. In addition ,the ECHR imposed two obligations that states have to do to protect the rights of life to their citizens. One of these obligations is that states must not deprive the persons of his life or arbitrary taking life. Another obligation is that they must protect the citizens from their agents such as, security force, army, police or other organizations which do not belong to the states such as, terrorist organizations. Although those two obligations has been established, the motivation of the obligations is not clear, for example, it is impossible that states can save all their citizens from any attacked. Furthermore, there is no clear definition of the rights of life when it begins and ends . Robin el at (2010) support Rehman point by emphasizing that the European court of human rights did not illustrate when life begins and ends and the arbitrary killing of civilians in Chechen case against Russia when its army use aerial bombardments over Chechnya in 1999 .
Secondly, it has been claimed by Rehman (2010) that in spite of the similarities between the European convention on human rights and the Inter-American convention on human rights in the prohibition of arbitrary taking life, there is some differences that should be discussed. Firstly, death penalty is allowed by the Inter –Americans system in some serious crimes with proscription the reinvigoration of this punishment in some countries which have already banned capital punishment . They try to tackle these massive article by the protocol which mentioned that the abolition of death...

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