Revolutionary War Research Paper

2375 words - 10 pages

As the nineteenth century approached, our country experienced many changes. Soon after the Patriots were trying to break off from their mother country Britain, the French saw themselves in their own Revolution trying to throw over their monarchy. Many men and woman helped make our revolution a success. Thomas Jefferson, who wrote the Declaration of Independence, tried to make our country even better than it could have been by including freeing the African American slaves in the declaration. Why would Thomas Jefferson, a wealthy white Virginia Revolutionary, want to free slaves? There are many different interesting and controversial subjects of the American Revolutionary War.
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There was a lot of freedom within France but there was still an absolute monarchy. When you have an absolute monarchy, the country is divided into different social classes. In France they were called estates. The First Estate was the Church; the Second Estate in French life were the nobles; and the Third Estate consisted of commoners, the majority of the people. The Third Estate had the majority of people within it, and that estate had the least privileges (Rempet). The commoners decided it was time for change and started to revolt against King Louis XVI. Towards the end of the eighteenth century, France was having a tough time with famine and a bankrupt government (Mignet). All of these different problems lead to the French Revolution.
The American Revolution started in April 1775 with the battles at Lexington and Concord. On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was signed meaning that the Americans had declared independence from Britain. The Patriots fought against England through many different battles. After the Battle of Saratoga which the Patriots won, the French decided to join forces with the Patriots in fighting their war against England. Having allies really helped the Americans win the war. On September 28 – October 19, 1781, in Yorktown, Virginia, the Americans and French fought their last bloody battle (“Benedict”). The Patriots and French outnumbered the British troops and British General Cornwallis surrendered. The Paris Peace Treaty was signed on September 3, 1783, recognizing the thirteen colonies as thirteen free and sovereign States, establishing the boundaries of the United States of America, and many other intricate details (Langguth 56).
The French Revolution, like the American, was one of the most important events in the history of our world. The Revolution lasted from 1789 to 1799 (Rempet). King Louis XVI saw that there were problems within his country and was confused as to what to do with the angry citizens (“Timeline”). The Third Estate called a group together to work on a constitution, but little happened with the making of said constitution. The When Louis brought troops to Versailles, where the group of commoners were located the people of France feared that King Louis XVI wanted to be rid of this particular group (“Timeline”). People of France continued to revolt and by 1791 King Louis XVI was virtually powerless. On June 20, 1792, a crowd of 15,000 French citizens stormed the Tuileries Palace, where the Royal Family lived. Riots continued until the end of the war (Rempet). Around 1792 invaders began retreating from France (Mignet). The National Convention was established at the same time that invaders left France; the convention was called to write a new constitution. The National Convention tried and convicted Louis XVI of treason, and he was sentenced to death. The next few years the French spent fighting against other European countries because the countries...

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