Research Methodology Essay

816 words - 4 pages

When doing research it is very important to have a logical framework that will be used to examine the question without this framework the research question is destined to fail. This framework is the methodology that is chosen. The methodology that is chosen will steer the direction that the research will take. There are 3 basic types of methodology that can be used; qualitative, quantitative, and mixed. Qualative research methodology is observing and analyzing behaviors, trends, and patterns by using focus groups, seminars, surveys, interview, and forums (AIU, 2012). That data that is collected is generally nonnumeric and focuses on groups of people or objects (Editorial Board, 2011). ...view middle of the document...

An interview includes the person conducting the study and the person that is supplying the needed information. The researcher does not just take down the answers that are given; but also takes note of any gestures and facial expressions of the person being interviewed. This is considered the more superior of data gathering since people are more willing to talk to someone than write information down. The researcher, if they are good at interviewing can even get confidential information. The researcher is also able to get clarification on any answers that might not be clear. Interview can be given on a one on one basis or in a group setting. Phone interviews are not as personal as face to face interviews (Globusz Publishing, 2012).
The study was done 2005 and used face to face structured interviews of the GPs (general practitioner) in Belgium. The GPs had to register the deaths of all patients that were at least a year old. There was a 90% response rate and what they found out is that between 2 to 3 months before they died, 55% of the patients were either limited in their self-care or completely invalid and that in their last week nearly all were completely invalid. They also found that 54% were unconscious sometime during the last week and 46% were completely conscious. The results showed that patients dying at home function pretty well until the last week and their cognitive status is still good until the end (Leemans et al., 2012).
The second study being looked at is Can...

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