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Research Essay: Lenin Vs. Stalin

3029 words - 13 pages

Zeba KhetaniResearch EssayVladimir Lenin officially took power of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic in 1917 with the Communist Party. The USSR broke into a civil war in 1918 occurring between the Red Army, consisting of Bolsheviks, and the White Army. The Red Army defeated the White Army by 1921 and the Communist Party gained complete power. Eventually the USSR was under War Communism, which further diminished its economy. [0: "South African History Online," Challenges to capitalism; Russian Revolution and the establishment of the Communist state. Accessed January 17, 2014. ...view middle of the document...

He wished to grow Russia's industry to be as developed and technologically advanced as countries such as Germany. His policy of collectivization was composed of the act of joining together farms to form large shared, or collective, farms. Stalin established policies to eradicate the rich farmers, known as Kulaks, of the Soviet Union. These farms were meant to stabilize the Soviet Union's economy and provide the government with more money. The Kulaks protested collectivization by working with unwarranted fatigue and by disregarding given commands. However, in the end the resistance was ineffective and it did not justify the means.[4: From Joseph Stalin, "Industrialization of the Country and the Right Deviation in the C.P.S.U., November 19,1928," in J.V Stalin, Works, vol. 11, 1928-March 1929 (Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1954), pp. 257-58, 261-63.][5: From Joseph Stalin, "The Class Changes and the Turn in the Party's Policy, December 27, 1929" in J.V Stalin, Works, vol. 12, 1929-June 1930 (Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1955), pp. 172-174][6: George Beers, "Master and Margarita," Russian Collectivization. Accessed on January 29. ][7: Ibid]War communism prevailed in Russia during the civil war between 1918 and 1921. It was established to manage the damage done by the civil war on the economy. War communism was an economic system in which all major industries were nationalized while workers were under strict regulation. The peasants made little effort to grown more than they needed because the surplus would be taken by the state. War communism became very disfavored by the peasant farmers. Due to the pressure of the resistance from the peasants, Vladimir Lenin was compelled to instill a new policy, known as The New Economic Policy (NEP). [8: "South African History Online"][9: Ibid]The New Economic Policy was aimed towards the peasant farmers because Lenin wanted to obtain the farmers' support. Under the New Economic Policy, all land was still owned by the government. Nevertheless, it allowed farmers to participate in trade with open markets. The government put a tax on all the manufactured goods and crops that were traded. NEP allowed farmers to privately sell grain again. This allowed for the farmers to gain money and Russia's economy began to recover. The government also set all the prices for the traded goods. This way Lenin gained the peasants' trust and the government was able to monitor the recovering economy. Agricultural production began to increase in the countryside and foreign trade expanded in the cities. The economy was on a slow rise with more crops, trade, industry, and revenue coming back to the government. [10: Ibid][11: George Beers, "Master and Margarita," Russian Collectivization. p. 2][12: "South African History Online"][13: Ibid]Another goal of the...

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