RENEWABLE ENERGY SCENARIO IN INDIA
A generalised overview...
ENERGY SCENE IN INDIA
Anything tangible or intangible, that costs money is evaluated very carefully and used equally carefully in India. This means expenses are controlled and kept as low as possible. The scenario in energy consumption in India is no different. It is not surprising that the per capita energy consumption figures are very low inspite of high rate of development now taking place. The per capita consumption in India is in the region of 400 KWH per annum.
In the ninth five year plan (1997-2002) energy strategy is divided into short term strategy, medium strategy and long term strategy.
SHORT TERM STRATEGY
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Vigorous efforts during the past two decades are now bearing fruit as people in all walks of life are more aware of the benefits of renewable energy, especially decentralized energy where required in villages and in urban or semi-urban centers. India has the world’s largest programme for renewable energy.
Government created the Department of Non-conventional Energy Sources (DNES) in 1982. In 1992 a full fledged Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources was established under the overall charge of the Prime Minister.
The range of its activities cover
•promotion of renewable energy technologies,
•create an environement conducive to promote renewable energy technologies,
•create an environment conducive for their commercialization,
•renewable energy resource assessment,
•research and development,
•production of biogas units, solar thermal devices, solar photovoltaics, cookstoves, wind energy and small hydropower units.
India now ranks as a "wind superpower" with an installed wind power capacity of 1167 MW and about 5 billion units of electricity have been fed to the national grid so far.
In progress are wind resource assessment programme, wind monitoring, wind mapping, covering 800 stations in 24 states with 193 wind monitoring stations in operations. Altogether 13 states of India have a net potential of about 45000 MW.
Solar water heaters have proved the most popular so far and solar photovoltaics for decentralized power supply are fast becoming popular in rural and remote areas. More than 700000 PV systems generating 44 MW have been installed all over India. Under the water pumping programme more than 3000 systems have been installed so far and the market for solar lighting and solar pumping is far from saturated. Solar drying is one area which offers very good prospects in food, agricultural and chemical products drying applications.
More than 700000 PV systems of...