This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Religious And Secular Perspectives Essay

2321 words - 10 pages

Examine religious and secular perspective on the nature and value of human life.

The value of human life is different to all people throughout the world, some putting more emphasis on it than others. An example of a difference in thought between humans is that some believe the value of human life is much more than that of animals due to the intelligence humans holds. 21st society contains thoughts from all backgrounds due to all mixes and ethnic groups within the world, based upon ideas around the existence of the soul, an omnipotent God and free will.
Christianity explores throughout the bible the idea of the human soul creating value for life. This belief of a soul affects both the ...view middle of the document...

The Buddhist religion, however, contradicts the religious views that Christians believe and reject the idea of a soul completely. Buddhism foucuses more of the perspective that the nature of human life is based upon living in Anicca and keeping the world in a constant state of flux. Buddhism follows the belief that everything is constantly changing and in this life no permanent state exists alone and therefore the nature of life is temporary and soul-less as nothing continues after you die. A Buddhist may argue that this creates more value for human life due to their impermanence and limited time on earth and therefore a human will make more of life. Nevertheless it can then be argued by a dualist that without a soul, a human may act immorally as there are no consequences for bad acts.

Islam is another religion from the Abrahamic that follows Christianity in a dualist belief of the soul and value of human life. Just like Christianity Islam follows the belief that a person is judged accordingly to how their life on Earth is lived and therefore this grants a ‘place’ for their soul after death in either Heaven where eternal paradise is lived or Hell where eternal punishment is offered. The Quran reads that "no soul can die but with Allah's permission — the term is fixed" (3:145). This implies that the life term of every human being is fixed and written down and changing the nature of life and idea of free will. Within Islam it is believed that the purpose and therefore the nature of life is to worship the creator Allah by abiding by the Divine guidelines revealed in the Qur'an and the Tradition of the Prophet. Earthly life is merely a test, determining one's afterlife, either in Paradise or Hell. The Qur'an describes the purpose of creation and value of life as "Blessed be he in whose hand is the kingdom, he is powerful over all things, who created death and life that he might examine which of you is best in deeds, and he is the almighty, the forgiving" (Qur'an 67:1–2) and "And I (Allâh) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should be obedient (to Allah)." (Qur'an 51:56). Obedience testifies to the oneness of Allah in His lordship, His names, and His attributes.

Different groups of Atheists provide secular and dualist arguments both for and against the existence of the soul. Like Buddhism, naturalism disbelieves in the soul. Naturalists, such as Tom Clark, suggest that there is nothing you or above you that makes you do things. Humans are simply physical beings that have evolved over time, like scientific theories suggest. “The more we learn about how we evolved, and how our brains work, the more certain we are becoming that there is no such extra ingredient [no soul]. We are each made of mindless robots and nothing else, no non-physical, non-robotic ingredients at all” Daniel Dennett. Despite this, Naturalists do believe that humans are moral as they are conscious of their actions. This adds value...

Other Papers Like Religious and Secular Perspectives

Religion in Public Schools Essay

814 words - 4 pages be one of two books that children learned to read with. But the nation has moved on, and ever since McCollum v. Board of Education Dist. 71, any sort of religious instruction in school has been banned. Many Christian practices are specifically prohibited, while Secular Humanism is fully embraced. To use a concrete example, on New York school suspended two students for praying with multiple other students during passing period. Their basis for

Psych 101 Essay

965 words - 4 pages not agree with all of the views expressed in the text. Liberty strives to provide a well-rounded education for our students that will include secular views and theorists along with a strong integration of Christian principles.) Disclaimer: The above resource(s) provide information consistent with the latest research regarding the subject area. Liberty University does not necessarily endorse specific personal, religious, philosophical, or

Modern Russia is in Search of a Secular Model of Relationships Between Religions and the State

962 words - 4 pages Article 14, Section 1 establishes the basic principles of the modern Russian statehood, especially concerning religious associations. Article 14, Section 1 provides that “the Russian Federation shall be a secular state. No religion may be instituted as state-sponsored or mandatory religion”. Article 14, Section 2 provides that “religious associations shall be separated from the state, and shall be equal before the law”. These two provisions are

Religion in the Workplace

2553 words - 11 pages concerns that spirituality initiatives are causing religion to seep into secular institutions, especially corporate ones, which makes some people uneasy and has led to law suits being filed against businesses which have established workplace spirituality programs and practices. An Equal Employment Opportunity Commission report states, “of a 29% spike since 1992 in the number of religious-based discrimination charges, making those the third

Rememebering the Times

666 words - 3 pages disordered when sought for itself, isolated from its procreative and unitive purposes. By secular morality is the aspect of philosophy that deals with morality outside religious traditions. Modern examples include humanism, free thinking, and most versions of consequentialism. Additional philosophies with ancient roots includes those such as skepticism and virtue ethics. Morality and religion is the relationship between religious views and morals

Reconciliation

2137 words - 9 pages between the Christian values and secular beliefs towards establishing reconciliation should be an essential practice. Conclusion The religious groups have engaged in reconciliation practices by exercising their various beliefs with an effort to bring conflicts to an end. Indigenous theology embraces the recognition of understanding and knowledge of people towards each other as the central cause of conflict. The application of Christian values such

Secularism In India

2194 words - 9 pages Jawaharlal Nehru and later under his successors in the Congress Party, the concept of a secular nation-state was officially adopted as India's path to political modernity and national integration. Unlike in the West, where secularism came mainly out of the conflict between the Church and the State, secularism in India was conceived as a system that sustained religious and cultural pluralism. In the post Independent scenario the social dynamics was

Secularism and Religion

2125 words - 9 pages religions. Secularism Is the twenty-first century, starting with that awful date 11 September 2001, to be the religious century? What are we to make of the fact that a majority in the West believe in God and tend to describe themselves as religious? It is after all a fact that, in a society which frequently describes it self as secular, a majority of people believe in God and call them Christian. The UK, which is often thought of as one of the

Religion

317 words - 2 pages The contemporary world of Islam faces an uphill battle defending itself from modern day misconceptions and the forced involvement with geopolitics. Islam struggles with the western world’s perception of the religion and cultural understanding. The current religious struggle between the Middle East and the West derives from thousands of years of bloodshed and conflict between the worlds three major religions; Christianity, Judaism, and Islam

Abolish Marriage To Strengthen Marriage: A Symbolic Interactionist Viewpoint

1197 words - 5 pages Edward Zelinsky (2012) writes, “Abolishing civil marriage will firmly place responsibility for marriage where it belongs, in the churches, synagogues and other religious and secular institutions in our society concerned with defining and nurturing the family” (para. 5). The symbolism behind marriage to nurture the family unit can still be obtained through these religious and ceremonial practices, but with the interaction of the state laws on

The Chained Women: When Religion And The State Intersect

1117 words - 5 pages The Chained Women: When Religion and the State Intersect When Israel was conceived as a Jewish state, questions arose over the division between the religious and the secular. Judaism is grounded in halakha, a detailed set of laws which guides observant Jews, but debate continues over whether Israel should adopt these religious laws to govern a largely secular population. Contradictions exist between the ancient laws and

Related Essays

The Religious And Secular Arguments Surrounding Prevention And Termination Of Pregnancy

1062 words - 5 pages procreative or unitive so again this argument for contraception is dismissed by the Catholic Church. Non-religious and religious groups both support contraception for a number of good reasons one of the arguments they use in favor of contraception is that in the USA, about 56 percent of women between 16 to 45 years old practice birth control. When birth control is not used about 85/86 percent of sexually active parents experience a pregnancy

Secularism Essay

786 words - 4 pages and the state. The forms of secularism vary depending on the religious composition of the nation. Secular is derived from the Latin word saeculum, a unit of time roughly equal to the maximum life expectancy of person (Calhoun 38). In the Middle Ages, this notion of impermanence was extended to mean ‘the world’, as opposed to the Church. ‘Secular’ priests worked out in the world at local parishes while ‘religious’ priests worked within the

Peer Review Article

730 words - 3 pages religious courses be taught on should they be incorporated into the school system, and the invalidity of Nord's argument in favour of religion in public school. Where Nord believes that the reason religion should be studied in schools is to provide balance with the large amount of secular courses taken, Feinberg disagrees, stating that this is not reason enough to evoke the mandation of religion courses. Rather, Feinberg feels that since

Assess The Arguments And Evidence For The View That Britain Is Becoming A Secular Society

1001 words - 5 pages criticise the secularisation theory as they believe that religion hasn’t declined it has just become modernised. Other theories, such as religious market theory and existential security theory, also go against the view that Britain is becoming a secular society as they believe religion takes form in different ways. Wilson argued that religion in Western societies had been gradually losing its social significance. Wilson suggests that the declining