Reintroduction Of Wolves Essay

1566 words - 7 pages

Outline:
I) Should the hunting of wolves in North America be allowed?
A) The reintroduction of wolves into North America happened when wolves from Southern Canada migrated into Northwestern Montana
1) Wolf Populations are starting to get out of control.
2) They are starting to affect of species’ populations.
B) Activists are making it hard to control the population.
C) Hunting of wolves in North America should be allowed to help manage the population.
II) Hunting is an excellent way to manage a population.
A) Wolves are effecting the population of species that they prey on.
1) Elk populations are declining
2) Elk are migrating ...view middle of the document...

A) Wolves hurt farmers and ranchers income by killing livestock.
B) Wolves are negatively affecting the population of species around them.

In 1922 the federal government passed a law that allowed wolves in Yellowstone National Park to be hunted. In just four years later the last wolf was hunted. In 1995, the gray wolf was reintroduced to the park. In 1995 and 1996, wild gray wolves from Canada were released into Yellowstone Park and Central Idaho (Urbigkit). Later, Mexican gray wolves were released into Arizona. The gray wolves came from Alberta and British Columbia, some of the last places where wild wolves still live. In January 1995, fourteen wolves from separate packs were trapped, taken to Yellowstone, and put into "acclimation pens". The "acclimation pen" system worked this way: a dominant male and dominant female were placed together with younger subordinate wolves, allowing them time to figure out their new pack structure (Urbigkit). The government started off by introducing 31 wolves in the Montana and Wyoming parts of the park. Now 116 wolves now live and more than 75 pups. During 70 years of absence from the Rockies, the Grey Wolf had been protected under the Endangered Species Act that was passed in 1973. Since the wolf is under the protection of Endangered Species Act a person could be punished with up to a $100,000 fine and up to 1 year in jail for killing a wolf (Urbigkit).

The controversy surrounding the reintroduction of the wolves are many from both sides. Some local farmers are against this because some wolves prey on their livestock. In an article by the Fish Wildlife and Parks explained the effect that wolves are having on livestock. For example,
" Depredations on livestock have been lower than predicted when the wolf reintroduction was first proposed, reports USFWS – in 2002, 52 cattle, 99 sheep, nine dogs, and five llamas were confirmed lost to wolves. About 23 of 80 known wolf packs were involved in depredations. In those areas of Montana where Yellowstone wolves have dispersed, seven of 10 known wolf packs were involved in livestock depredation in 2002, and confirmed losses included 10 cattle and 71 sheep killed. Many wolves have been killed by USFWS when it has been impossible to deter them from further predation."

This states that just seven years after the first reintroduction of wolves that wolves were killing a significant number of livestock. According to prices of sheep and cattle at that time, the total losses for ranchers in 2002 due to wolf depredation was $41,116.50. To a low income ranch family the loss of every animal can be devastating. Many ranchers rely on the money that they make from these livestock to put food on the table for their family. I know this from personal experience with my family. If a rancher was to lose a calf or lamb due to wolves it could result in catastrophic money lose to the rancher.

However, if the farmers can prove...

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