This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Red Scare. The Communis Hysteria In The Us During The 1950s

1807 words - 8 pages

One evening in 1950 a Houston couple entered a Chinese restaurant. The woman, a radio writer, wanted the proprietor's help in producing a program on recent Chinese history. Overhearing their conversation, a nearby man rushed out, phoned the police, and informed them that people were 'talking Communism.' The couple was immediately arrested and jailed for 14 hours before the police concluded they had no case. At about the same time a policeman in Wheeling, West Virginia, discovered some penny-candy machines dispensing goodies with tiny geography lessons. One lesson, under the hammer-and-sickle Soviet flag, read: 'USSR Population 211,000,000. Capitol Moscow. Largest country in the world.' 'This ...view middle of the document...

' Truman's declaration that the United States must protect the 'freedom of worship, freedom of speech, freedom of enterprise,' was an attempt to win over the public's support for anti-communism. Propaganda sprouted across the country, declaring that citizens would lose their personal rights to communism if it were allowed to flourish. However the United States' ideals of preserving the personal rights of its citizens were reversed on March 25, 1947, as President Truman issued Executive Order 9835 which authorized investigations into the beliefs and associations of all federal employees. Thus the catalysis had entered the equation, if the President is frightened the people must be as well.President Harry Truman and the United States' fear of communism was expressed through the Truman Doctrine. Expressed by the President was that wherever aggression threatened peace or freedom, America's security was involved, and it would be necessary to ' free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or outside pressures...Every American Communist is potentially an espionage agent...requiring only the direct instruction of a Soviet superior to make the potentiality a reality...within the United States, Communist penetration should be exposed and eliminated...' America feared that the communists would be able to infiltrate the government system and violently uproot the United States 'free' society. This was the beginning of the hysteria. Citizens across the nation were crazed with the notion that they would be invaded and their personal rights stripped from them.Truman's personal attack against the communists was his radical movement of executing Executive Order 9835. This '...authorized investigations into the beliefs and associations of all federal employees.' Between the launching of his security program in March 1947 and December 1952, some 6.6 million persons were investigated. Not a single case of espionage was uncovered, though about 500 persons were dismissed in dubious cases of 'questionable loyalty.' All of this was conducted with secret evidence, secret and often paid informers, and neither judge nor jury. In the process of ratting out communists in order to preserve American citizens' rights, the personal rights of millions of people were destroyed. As early as 1938 the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) emerged. Within the first few days of its existence, witnesses charged some 640 organizations, 483 newspapers, and 280 labor unions with being communistic. Witnesses even questioned the loyalty of the Boy Scouts, the Camp Fire Girls, and child movie star Shirley Temple. The HUAC was not the only organization to seek out communists. States, counties, cities, even organizations such as, corporations, educational institutions, and labor unions obliged themselves to hunt for the reds as well. Loyalty checks were common, within these personal freedoms were impeded upon, conservatives ferreted out not...

Other Papers Like Red Scare. The Communis Hysteria In The US During The 1950s

Cloud Computing And The Computer Scare

1455 words - 6 pages “digital signatures and encryption techniques to ensure messages are secured during in transit” (Jamil 2673). Differently, a hacker can severely harm an entire cloud by a Malware Injection Attack. These occur when a hacker uploads a virus program to the cloud system and the cloud believes it is a valid program letting it enter the cloud network, which then allows the virus to attack the other available applications thus harming the entire cloud and the

Suspense in the Red Room Essay

768 words - 4 pages Introduction How is suspense created in the red room??? The short story we read, is a Gothic horror story which was written by H.G wells in 1894.The plot of the story was about a young man goes to a haunted castle and spends the night in a haunted room he had been warned by 3 custodians. But he does not listen and he stays the night there on his own with only candles. The plot set the genre and built up the tension. The story is a Gothic

Homosexuality in the Us

1090 words - 5 pages history. But she said she hopes the Senate will be more reflective of America and the "life experience" of women. "Having a seat at the table matters and I think we will see a Senate that is more reflective of America. We're certainly not there yet, but this will be a change that moves us forward," she told CNN. "People ... see our country and our states moving toward full equality in many respects," Baldwin said. "When you have legislative

Obesity in the Us

659 words - 3 pages that overall the responsibility lies somewhere between the consumer and the supplier. As consumers we need to be more conscious of what we are eating, and let the companies that are providing us with food know what we want our food to be. Since food is such a big part of our everyday life I think it’s time we start paying attention what is going into it. We need to analyze what’s important in our lives and for many people this means coming

Globalization in the Us

612 words - 3 pages Globalization in the United States The term “Globalization” is a very popular and controversial term debated and philosophized by many worldwide. Nelson Mandela, is quoted as saying, “Where globalization means, as it so often does, that the rich and powerful now have new means to further enrich and empower themselves at the cost of the poorer and weaker, we have a responsibility to protest in the name of universal freedom.” However, Bill

The Natural World in the Red Pony

893 words - 4 pages In “The Red Pony” by John Steinbeck, the natural world and how man affects or tries to affect it is a big theme. In this novel, the fight between man and nature is clearly shown, yet a winner isn’t. In this book, the deaths and births of animals plays a large role in this struggle, nature affects man, and man affects nature. The deaths and births of animals play a large role in the struggle for power between man and nature. This is shown

Social Stratification in the Us

1551 words - 7 pages can be referred to as racial stratification in the employment sector, housing, education and government. Though racial discrimination was outlawed during the civil rights movement in the 1960s and it was seen as an unacceptable phenomenon, it has continued to find its way in the modern society (Fairclough, p 23). There is evidence that racially prejudiced attitudes have continued to be held by some individuals in the American society. There is

Black Identity In The Us

844 words - 4 pages BLACK IDENTITY IN THE US We continue to be obsessed with difference races but why? I am now going to give you three different perspectives on the issue. To start out with, I will give you an outline on the different attitudes to the situation of African Americans. Secondly, I will compare style by means of language and tone. And finally, I am going to argue my own view of the situation of African Americans today in text 2. Text 1 “Black

Sharia Law in the Us

1079 words - 5 pages punishments under this law and are not often enforced by governments in Muslim Countries. Should Sharia law be legal in the United States? Recently the city council in Dearborn, Michigan voted 4-3 to officially implement all aspects of Sharia Law. This is the first US city to adopt this new law. Dearborn has a large population of Muslims. Nearly 98 thousand people reside in Dearborn and 30% is Muslim. They have the largest

The Red Cross

534 words - 3 pages receiving. No one knows what will happen to us. The Red Cross campaign can be a great assistance in these kinds of circumstances. Their campaigning will make more people pay attention to blood donation. Some of them may donate their blood. The Red Cross will collect blood consistently from these people so that patients or I can receive a transfusion at any time needed. Moreover, I also can donate my blood for the others. Through transfusion I can

The Red Tent

1284 words - 6 pages . She also explains how Jacob became the husband of four women. Dinah recounts her childhood growing up with eleven brothers and being the only daughter of the family. She tells of days she spent in the red tent with her mothers and t he stories that were told during their time in the red tent. The red tent was a place that the women would go to when they were having their menstrual cycle or when they were about to give birth to a child. No

Related Essays

The Cold War And Red Scare

521 words - 3 pages side can kill millions of lives in one attack. During this time, families were told to build a bomb shelter. For instance, there is a child wearing a suit with his dog standing in front of bomb structure materials in the picture of "Atomic Kids". I think this boy was being taught how to react in the event of a nuclear attack (CDF), or taught to know how to wear the radiation protection suit. The "Red Scare" means anti-communism. Edward Hunter

Identify Who Was Most Responsible For The Red Scare

728 words - 3 pages 4) The post-war Red Scare was mostly caused by the American people themselves. The panic of the Red Scare first picked up momentum with Truman “scaring the hell” out of Congress during the speech which would become known as the Truman Doctrine. While Truman did have a legitimate point that Greece and Turkey were in danger of becoming Communist nations, the American public tendency to exaggerate and gullibility play the crucial role in what would

Hidden Female Subordination In The 1950s

2597 words - 11 pages Freud a “prisoner of his own culture” she was a prisoner of her own perspective. From a postcolonial point of view, Friedan´s research centred merely upon white middle-class married, hetero-sexual mothers. Although she was aware of the selected group she had interviewed, we raise the question, whether she ever considered studying the life conditions of coloured women, an important group of the American population. It strikes us that in her new

The Salem Witch Trial Hysteria Of 1692

540 words - 3 pages What Caused The Salem Witch Trial Hysteria of 1692? There is no doubt that there were several factors that could have been causes of the Salem Witch Trial Hysteria of 1692. Just a few of these could have included turf war between ministers, paranoia, or even younger girls being smitten with another woman’s man. Turf war was a highly possible reason for this hysteria. Evidence of this is shown in document nine. Thirty-three out of