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Reconstruction Was Or Was Not Radical

1402 words - 6 pages

The 12 year-time period after the Civil War (1865-1867), also know as Reconstruction, marked the time of progress for African Americans' legal rights. Although the major goals (reuniting the Confederate and Union states and granting blacks civil rights) of the Radical Republicans reconstruction plans succeeded, they weren't completed to their full potential, thus resulting in blacks still at a disadvantage socially and economically. Black Codes, Jim Crow laws, the Ku Klux Klan, and the shady methods to prevent African Americans from voting are several examples of how Reconstruction was a disgrace to the American Heritage and in no way radical.Though the Civil Acts of 1866 was established to ...view middle of the document...

Any negro violating this provision shall be immediately ejected and compelled to find an employer; and any person who shall rent, or give the use of any house to any negro, in violation of this section, shall pay a fine of five dollars for each offence.Sec. 4. . . . Every negro is required to be in the regular service of some white person, or former owner, who shall be held responsible for the conduct of said negro. But said employer or former owner may permit said negro to hire his own time by special permission in writing, which permission shall not extend over seven days at any one time. . . .Sec. 5. . . . No public meetings or congregations of negroes shall be allowed within said parish after sunset; but such public meetings and congregations may be held between the hours of sunrise and sunset, by the special permission in writing of the captain of patrol, within whose beat such meetings shall take place. . . .Sec. 6. . . . No negro shall be permitted to preach, exhort, or otherwise declaim to congregations of colored people, without a special permission in writing from the president of the police jury. . . .Sec. 7. . . . No negro who is not in the military service shall be allowed to carry fire-arms, or any kind of weapons, within the parish, without the special written permission of his employers, approved and indorsed by the nearest and most convenient chief of patrol. . . .Sec. 8. . . . No negro shall sell, barter, or exchange any articles of merchandise or traffic within said parish without the special written permission of his employer, specifying the article of sale, barter or traffic. . . .Sec. 9. . . . Any negro found drunk, within the said parish shall pay a fine of five dollars, or in default thereof work five days on the public road, or suffer corporeal punishment as hereinafter provided.Sec. 11. . . . It shall be the duty of every citizen to act as a police officer for the detection of offences and the apprehension of offenders, who shall be immediately handed over to the proper captain or chief of patrol. . . ." ( Pageant/Sources)For the most part, African Americans held the same social status as they did before the Civil War, just without the title as being slaves. Thus, these black codes were slavery, just disguised. This in no way, made Reconstruction radical.The Jim Crow Laws were another method the South used to continue to make African Americans subordinate to the white citizens. Under the Jim Crow Laws, the south was required to be racially segregated. "Segregated in inferior schools and separated from whites in virtually all public facilities, including railroad cars, theaters, and even restrooms, blacks were reminded daily of their second class citizenship." (American Pageant, Pg 511) These laws were put to the test when Mr. Plessy, a man of 1/8th African heritage, was arrested for violating the policy of segregation by sitting in the white sector of a train, which...

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