Chapter 1 Summary
Creswell (2013), in his book Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design begins the first chapter with an introduction to qualitative research and the purpose for writing the text. He states his primary purpose for writing the book is “to examine five different approaches to qualitative inquiry – narrative, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case studies – and put them side-by-side so that we can see their differences” (p. 2). As a result, the text differs from other books on qualitative research, which normally begin with a single approach to qualitative inquiry. Creswell’s (2013) rationale for this is so reader can have a greater understanding of each of the ...view middle of the document...
Creswell (2013) provides background information to the reader, explaining his personal background so the reader has a greater understanding of his approach to writing and qualitative research. As a result, Creswell writes from a stance which is that of “conveying an understanding of the process of qualitative research” and “a focus on strong methods features” (2013, p. 6). Additionally, support for the selection of the five approaches presented is given, as well as a table providing additional information for other approaches which can be applied to qualitative research design. Creswell (2013) determines the five approaches - narrative, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case studies – were selected based on “personal interests, selecting different approaches popular to social science and health science literature, and electing to choose representative discipline orientations” (p. 11).
Creswell follows with a list of references for each approach he selected. His intended audience is also defined as “academics and scholars affiliated with the social, human, and health sciences” (2013, p. 12). The chapter is then closed with an explanation of the organization of the coming chapters, as well as a brief explanation of their intended benefit to the reader.
Chapter 2 Summary
Chapter two focuses on the philosophical assumptions and interpretive framework as it relates to the five approaches and qualitative research. For the reader, this is particularly important since “qualitative researchers have underscored the importance of not only understanding the beliefs and theories that inform our research but also actively writing about them in our reports and studies” (Creswell, 2013, p. 15). To help the reader further understand these assumptions, questions for discussion are given for the reader to further consider as they continue in the chapter.
Creswell continues on to define philosophy for the reader as “the use of abstract ideas and beliefs that inform our research” (2013, p. 16). This personal philosophy helps to define every phase of the research process, which is further detailed in Table 2.1 for the reader. The philosophy which underlies qualitative research is important to understand, in that is helps the researcher to “formulate our problem and research question to study and how we seek information to answer the questions” (p. 18)....