Question: According to max Weber, legal rational authority is the most rational type of authority. Do you agree with this statement? Give reasons for your answer.
The aim of essay is to discuss legal rational authority commonly known as bureacracy. It high lights why legal rational authority is the best way of authority for any professional run organization. The essay also highlights some of the problems of legal rational authority and the solutions that can make it more flexible in communication and decision making
Legal rational authority according to Webber was the most rational and most stable of authority. Formal rules and regulations legitimize ...view middle of the document...
In order for an organization to be run efficiently rules must be followed. This is done through organizational hierarchy where a superior –subordinate type of relationship exists. Continuity of office is another feature of a legal rational authority, where an organization continues to function even when an official is removed from office; there are many reasons that can cause an official to be out of office, for instance sickness, death, maternity leave or even dismissal .this does not mean that work will have to come to a standstill, office work will still have to continue to operate, this can done through business continuity management where members of an organization are trained through delegation of work or even rotation of job roles. Division of labour and specialization is also another factor of legal rational authority; this means every organization is made up of different departments with specific functions. In order for work to be efficient specialization in these departments is needed .Division of labour and specialization is done by the human resource department which employs the most specialized person for the job and place them in the correct function, for instance IT personnel are placed in
an IT department with personnel qualified in information technology, which means their jobs in the organization would be to offer support to other employees needing IT support. A rational organization also needs record keeping to be done; this is vital for any organization because decisions made and all information must be recorded and retained. The most essential part is that the organization must not forget any decisions made as inconsistencies will occur. In any case an organization without proper records would be disorganized, inefficient and would cause chaos. For instance if an organization such as ministry of lands didn’t have any proper records management department, one wouldn’t know who owns which piece of land as the probability of many people paying for the same land would be high and possibly bring about conflicts. Records keeping eliminates such problems by retaining records for each and every person who owns land in the country, another example would be given of a bank system without records, it would be impossible for such a bank to operate, because such organizations highly depend on records to operate, otherwise how else will one know how much money a customer can access if a history of transactions is not kept, customers money would be lost and frauds would occur causing chaos and possibly law suits against the organization Remuneration is another feature of legal rational authority. This means an official in a bureaucratic organization should be compensated by being paid a salary. The salary paid to the worker should be according to the work he does. Weber argues that a good pay enhances official loyalty Some writers such as Herbert Simon and Chester Barnard have argued to say that bureaucracy is not the ideal way running...