Phase 1 Individual Project
Environmental Science and Sustainability
July 10, 2014
Just to keep the theme going from the discussion board 2 assignment I decided to research and write about the Tropical Rainforest. I have always found the world’s rainforests to be very interesting with all of their secrets they hold inside of them. By doing this paper it will allow me to discover more in-depth information on the Tropical Rainforests. I wonder what all I will discover?
There are many rainforests in the world but can be found only in three major geographical areas around the world. The one that stands out the most to me is the Tropical Rainforest in ...view middle of the document...
There is very little air flow resulting in high levels of constant humidity. And the forest floor also known as leaf litter or cryptoshere is the lowest part of a Tropical Rainforest. Very few plants can grow here due to the lack of sunlight that is blocked by the upper layers. The soil is very poor in nutrients and quality and is covered by leaf litter as leaves fall from the higher up trees. This litter provides food for decomposers like earthworms, termites, and fungi turning it into organic matter. This is then absorbed into the roots of the trees that have shallow roots.
Among the Tropical Rainforest there are abiotic and biotic components that make up the rainforest as a whole. Abiotic components are the amount of sunlight, water, precipitation, etcetera that the rainforest gets that affects the plant and animal life there. When I first looked at the assignment I asked myself what is so important about the abiotic and biotic components and instantly thought they couldn’t be of much importance and boy was I wrong. I discovered what the abiotic components are and how they affect the rainforest. If the rainforest did not get any water or sunlight everything would die. Now the biotic components are what make up the rainforest. It is the plants, animals, and microorganisms that are in the rainforest such as bamboo, banana trees, jaguars, lemurs, fungi, earthworms, and many other plants, animals, and microorganisms. With the ideal temperatures and abundance of water makes the rainforest an ideal place for plant life. There is such a vast amount of plant life that there are some that no one knows about. Just like any ecosystem there is a food chain. In the rainforest there are producers, consumers, secondary consumers, and decomposers. All of these are biotic components of a rainforest.
Now how does this all come together and function. The Tropical Rainforest is composed of a vast amount of plants, animals, and microorganisms like fungi. All of these fit in together despite the issue of predators, parasites, and diseases. “The functioning of a forest ecosystem is related to its structure by the fact that its living components (each kind of plant, animal, or microorganism) are well adapted to the physical environment and to one another” (Marten, G. G. 1984). The Tropical Rainforests and other rainforests affect us each and every day whether we know it or not. Even though rainforests are really far away they are critical for the well-being of humans and wildlife. Humans and wildlife rely on rainforests for survival because they produce oxygen by absorbing the carbon dioxide. This is essential for us humans and animals to live because rainforests:
* help stabilize the world’s climate
* provides shelter for a vast amount of animals and plants
* maintains the water cycle
* protects against erosion, drought, and flood
* is a source for food and medicines
* supports native tribal people
* a very unique and interesting place...