SOC 3290: Race and Ethnic Relations |
Article Critique #1
Racial Inequality after Racism: How Institutions Hold Back African Americans |
Harris, F. C., & Lieberman, R. C. (2015). Racial Inequality after Racism: How Institutions Hold Back African Americans. Foreign Affairs, 94(2), 9-20.
Harris, F. C., & Lieberman, R. C. (2015). Racial Inequality after Racism: How Institutions Hold Back African Americans. Foreign Affairs, 94(2), ...view middle of the document...
This belief is characteristic of color-blind racism-the use of race neutral principles to defend the racially unequal status quo. The promotion of such ideology has led to cutbacks in social welfare programs and political support.
While the conservative view focuses primarily on individual African American communities, the liberal perspective questions the actions and motives of the white majority. Though liberals acknowledge the obvious expression of prejudice has diminished substantially, they affirm that racial stereotypes (unreliable generalizations about members of a group) continue to play a powerful role in social and political interactions. It is suggested this stereotypical framing device remain concealed by theoretical colorblindness, while continually fueling negative propaganda towards minority groups.
Upholding the theory of institutional racism the author's specifically analyze the justice system, the educational system, and other private sectors of free-enterprise. According to the authors, high levels of minority incarceration are supportive to the theory that policy tactics and sentencing rules have been enacted to specifically target African Americans and other minority groups. Institutional racism is active in the educational system as a result of de facto residential segregation (physical separation of 2 groups in residence, workplace, and social functions) and economic inequality directly resulting and...