The process of undertaking a needs analysis is a key element of planning and delivering educational programs. It forms a distinct and necessary phase in educational planning process and is a critical input into program design. The following essay will outline the theory underlying the implementation of a needs analysis and using an example student group as an example will explores how a needs analysis can be performed and applied to to effectively design a student learning program with reference to at the ‘professional standards for accomplished teaching of language and culture’ and ‘professional teaching standards. Finally, a succint outline of various teaching strategies for evaluating ...view middle of the document...
Hasan (1996) proposes a concept of “reflective” literacy which enables students to treat norms of knowledge and norms of discourse as changing and changeable. Essentially, this means both recognizing the semiotic resources that construe knowledge and reflecting on how those resources also construe ideologies that can be challenged.
Determine the level students are currently at
Needs Analysis - How do they best learn, what are their likes and dislikes
When undertaking a needs analysis, it is of fundamental importance to have clarity on the key educational outcomes the teachers are aiming to assist their students attain. However, traditional methods often tend to focus purely on simply mastery of subject content and development of core educational skills, rather than taking a broader view of student development to encompass intellectual, personal, emotional and cultural development. The professional standards for teaching of language and culture clearly states that teaching knowledge of language and culture also encompasses teaching learners to value, respect and engage with language and cultures.
The needs analysis is most easily acccommodated through the use of student questionnaires which the students can all fill out and the results collated. The results of each student will provide details on their self-perceived level of competency and capability and will give the teacher a good indication of what teaching strategies, methods and styles should be utilised in order to enhance student development and ensure progress is made. The first section of the needs analysis indicates the level each student feels they are currently at (measuring on a 1-5 scale High to low). The second section of the needs analysis aims to understand students leaarning styles with a focus on which methods and approaches they belive they find most effective and enjoy. The results will conclude which teaching approaches the students as a class learn both most and least effectively. (Measuring on scale from 1-5, from Very offering to Never)
Influence of Student Demographic Profile
These two needs analysis are catered for ten students coming from a top end private school located in Parramatta. These students are predominately Asian background students, howeverm includes a proporiton of anglo-saxon students also. All students are found to be extremely hard working and conscientious and at times need to be challenged with supplementary work. Many students put in a significant amount of time into daily study. The Asian background students found applying their English literacy skills to learning Japanese somewhat challenging, for example completing reading comprehensions and critically analysing texts. On the other hand, anglo-saxon students struggled more with kanji (Chinese characters) and written comprehension in the target language using these characters. The program and needs analysis will cater for a year 11 Japanese continuers class. These...