HALO EFFECT: The tendency to let someone’s exemplary performance in one dimension influence your rating of the person in other dimensions; assuming that good performance in one dimension means the person is also as competent in other dimensions.
Example: You are filling out the Recommendation of Readiness (ROR) for an employee with whom you have a great relationship. This employee volunteers for unpopular after-school activities, and comes up with creative solutions to problems. Therefore, you have no doubt that the individual is one of your strongest employees in terms of initiative and innovativeness. You don’t know much about the individual’s other abilities. Since you ...view middle of the document...
This employee has worked at your school for two years. You recommend this individual based on the project completed a couple of weeks ago, and assume it is reflective of the person’s performance throughout the past two years.
CONTRAST EFFECTS: This occurs when a rater lets an extremely strong or weak employee
become the standard by which other employees are judged. Example: You just completed a Recommendation of Readiness for one of the best coordinators at your school. When evaluating the next person, who always completes work on time, but without the flair that characterized the work of the exemplary coordinator who you just recommended, you decide not to recommend.
FIRST IMPRESSION ERROR: The tendency of a rater to make an initial favorable or unfavorable
judgment about an employee that is not justified by the employee’s subsequent performance. Example: During the first couple weeks of school, a new employee of yours shows great enthusiasm for the job, and makes a lasting positive impression on you. From then on, your judgment of the individual’s job performance is affected by your initial positive impression of the person, leading to inflated ratings of performance.
PRIMING BIAS: The tendency to focus on certain aspects of an employee’s performance (often to the exclusion of other important aspects), due to a cue that...