Puerto Rico And Federal Judiciary Paper

1065 words - 5 pages

Los sistemas judiciales son únicos de cada país, en algunas ocasiones se adoptan sistemas, procesos y leyes que han logran el resultado esperado. En este ensayo estaremos explicando el sistema judicial de Puerto Rico en términos de estructura, jerarquía y funcionamiento. A su vez lo compararemos con el sistema federal de Estados Unidos. El sistema judicial o poder judicial se define como un poder que tiene el país, en el cual administrar la justicia en la sociedad a través de normas o leyes jurídicas que sean creadas en base a conflictos o situaciones que hayan sucedido.
El sistema judicial de Puerto Rico entro en vigor El 25 de julio del 1952, en ese día fue creado lo que hoy conocemos ...view middle of the document...

El Tribunal Supremo de Puerto Rico está compuesto por un Juez Presidente y seis Jueces Asociados. Los Jueces de este tribunal son nombrados permanentemente con un retiro obligatorio a la edad de 79 años. .El Tribunal de Apelaciones es un intermediario entre el Tribunal Supremo y el Tribunal de Primera Instancia. El propósito fue proveer a los ciudadanos un foro apelativo mediante el que no menos de tres jueces revisen las sentencias finales del Tribunal de primera Instancia entre otros. A su vez ofrece acceso económico eliminando así obstáculos que impidan impartir la justicia apelativa.
El Tribunal de Apelaciones está compuesto por 39 jueces incluyendo a los jueces que pertenecían al tribunal de circuito de apelaciones el cual fue derogado por la presente ley. Los mismos fueron nombrados por el Gobernador con el consentimiento del senado. El término de desempeño será un término de 16 años. El Tribunal de Primera Instancia atienden todos los asuntos de derecho laboral, de familia, derecho hipotecario, derecho de obligaciones, contratos, derecho corporativo, daños y perjuicios, casos de expropiaciones y cualquier otro asunto civil. En los casos criminales, este tribunal atiende los casos por delitos graves y menos graves y todas las infracciones a las ordenanzas de los municipios.
El tribunal de Primera Instancia se encarga de trabajar lo casos civiles y criminales. El mismo está compuesto por jueces superiores y municipales, de la misma forma, la de los jueces del tribunal de distrito. Estos jueces son nombrados por el Gobernador de Puerto Rico y con la aprobación del Senado. Los jueces superiores son nombrados por un término de 12 años y los municipales por uno de ocho a años. El tribunal de Primera Instancia está dividido en 13 regiones judiciales las cuales se distribuyen entre los 78 municipios de la Isla.
El sistema judicial Federal, entiéndase el de los Estados Unidos, tiene similitud con el sistema Judicial de Puerto Rico. En Puerto Rico se conoce como el Tribunal Supremo, y en Estados Unidos se conoce como Corte Suprema. La Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos está compuesta de nueve jueces. Los mismos son designados en carácter definitivo por el Presidente y a su vez confirmados por el Senado. La...

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