Public Administration Essay

1006 words - 5 pages

Public administration refers to the officials, institutions and processes involved with implementing the laws, rules and policies passed by legislatures and executive. It was originally a branch of political science, but public administration has developed into a field of study of its own during the 20th century, thanks in part to groundbreaking writings by early scholars in the field.
These classic works laid the foundation for a new discipline that combines academic study with professional training for people interested in government careers. In public administration the organizational success largely depends on its structure and leadership. Over the years many theories have been ...view middle of the document...

Incentives should be offered so that workers behave in accordance with principles of the scientific management that have been developed. Also, management and leaders must support workers by carefully planning and helping implement their work and training. If training is not provided then how can the employer achieve success.
Taylor stated that there are "misfortunes of industry" which hinders the progress of improving work. (Rimer, 1993) Taylor referred to one of these misfortunes as the "soldiering" of the worker; which means that the worker is not working at its full potential.(Rimer, 1993) In today’s society this is also an issue when an employee is not working to their full potential and completes just enough work but does not complete the caseload given to them.
The processes of Adam Smith were that productive labor is the real source and measure of the wealth of a nation. Labor can be more or less productive. How productivity evolves depends in part on the proportion of the population that works. Even more important, the productivity of labor depends on machines and technology. These beliefs would hold true today because technology is ever changing. One practice that could work today in a particular system could change tomorrow and utilize an updated version of the same system. Smith believed that government's proper roles in society should be limited, but well defined: government should provide national defense, the administration of justice, and public goods.(Lipford, 2007)
The theorists’ of past have similar ideas of what public administration should encompass today. For more than a century, the U.S. government's size was small and its functions well defined. Many of the original Founders feared the growth of government, and classical economists such as Smith clearly identified what they deemed the proper roles for government in a free society. Beginning in the late nineteenth century, however, governments began to change their emphasis from carrying out these traditional roles to advancing the welfare state. This change in emphasis brought about a variety of programs to redistribute income, all of which were promoted and justified in the name of...

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