Review a range of different assessment methods available and explain the ones you would use for your subject area. Evaluate the use of assessment methods in different contexts, including reference to initial assessment. Justify the types of assessment records you would complete and explain why.
Word count 300 – 600
Assessment is an important and necessary process used to evaluate teaching and
determine whether learning has taken place. According to Black, P. & William, D. 1998 “Teachers can find out what they need to know in a variety of ways, including observation and discussion in the classroom and the reading of pupils' written work.”
A variety of assessment methods can be ...view middle of the document...
Summative assessment takes place following learning and identifies whether necessary skills and knowledge have been learnt and understood. Examples are feedback, certification and accreditation. Learners on R2R sector specific training eg SIA undertake summative assessment through written test to gain certification and SIA badge.
Cognitive learning can be assessed using questioning with groups or individually identifying learners’ knowledge, the advantage being immediately able to ascertain whether subject matter has been learnt, though perhaps testing surface and not deeper learning. Multiple choice questions and tests are cost effective, one disadvantage; the learner may arrive at the right answer by guesswork without having learnt anything.
Assessment by discussion enables assessors to gain insight into the affective learning domain eg learners attitude but this however, is subjective.
Practical observation, a method of assessing the psychomotor domain, (skills learnt) enables learners to demonstrate knowledge and skills when carrying out specific tasks. The level of proficiency is immediately evident, it is inexpensive, but is based solely on the observers level of competency to observe and assessors opinion which cannot be standardized. It provides merely a snapshot; learners may not demonstrate a true reflection of normal practice...