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Psychotherapies Essay

378 words - 2 pages

There are many different types of psychotherapies the first one I would like to talk about is called Psychoanalytic therapy. This type of therapy looks at how the unconscious mind influences thoughts and behaviors. “Psychoanalysis frequently involves looking at early childhood experiences in order to discover how these events might have shaped the individual and how they contribute to current actions. People undergoing psychoanalytic therapy often meet with their therapist at least once a week and may remain in therapy for a number of weeks, months, or years. Psychoanalytic therapists ...view middle of the document...

The second type of therapy I would like to discuss is called Aversion therapy. This is a form of treatment that utilizes behavioral principles to eliminate unwanted behavior.” In this therapeutic method, the unwanted stimulus is repeatedly paired with discomfort. The goal of the conditioning process is to make the individual associate the stimulus with unpleasant or uncomfortable sensations. During aversion therapy, the client may be asked to think of or engage in the behavior they enjoy while at the same time being exposed to something unpleasant such as a bad taste, a foul smell, or even mild electric shocks”. According to research once a person’s unpleasant feelings get associated with their behavior, the hope is that the unwanted behaviors or actions will begin to decrease in frequency or stop entirely.
Lastly another type of psychotherapies is Behavioral therapy. This type of therapy is rooted in the principles of behaviorism. “Behavioral therapists are focused on using the same learning strategies that led to the formation of unwanted behaviors as well as other new behaviors. Because of this, behavioral therapy tends to be highly focused. The behavior itself is the problem, and the goal is to teach clients new behaviors to minimize or eliminate the issue. Old learning led to the development of a problem, and so the idea is that new learning can fix it”.

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