Stage one is called trust versus mistrust and ranges in ages from 0 to 2. Erikson believed that this stage is centered around the following question; “ is the world safe and predictable or dangerous and chaotic?”.
Erikson believed that during the first couple years of an infant's life it is important for the infant to learn that caregivers can be trusted to provide what the infant needs. This helps the child to develop a sense that the world is trustworthy. If there was a scenario where the child was not properly taken care of in the first couple years then the child may develop a form of mistrust and the world may seem unpredictable and the people who are supposed to love and care for ...view middle of the document...
Children that successfully get through this stage of psychosocial development will come out at the end with the virtue of will, or the sense that they can take meaningful actions that influence what happens to them.
Children that develop autonomy will most likely feel self-confident and will be comfortable being themselves. The children's caregiver can help to ensure that the children succeed in this stage but encouraging choices, letting the child make their own decisions, and by supporting the increased Independence.
Some things that could lead to failure of the stage could be parents that are overly critical, not allowing the child to make choices, or parenting being too controlling. This can all lead to shame and doubt. These children may come out of this stage lacking self-esteem, and confidence in their own abilities. They may also become overly dependent upon others.
A positive example for stage 2 of Erikson's Theory would be; my stepdaughter. She loves doing everything on her own. She is very independent and only two and a half. We, her parents, allow her to make her own decisions on quite a few things. Do to us allowing her to make her own decisions she has become more independent and enjoys doing things on her own more than having people do them for her.
A negative example would be about my brother. He depends on anyone and everyone to do everything for him and he is 12. My mother has always done everything for him, he has never had to be independent. Not even with his homework. He expects everyone to make his food, pick out his clothes, and even invite his friends over to play with him. when his friends are over he expects his friends to do a lot of stuff for him instead of doing stuff for his friends. no one ever does anything about this so this is how he will always be I believe.
This third stage has the age range from 4 to 5 and the main question here is “ is it okay for me to do things?”. This stage is centered on children developing a sense of initiative. The child may start hanging out with other children during the stage, as their peers become more important. The child may begin to be more engaged in pretend play and social play, which includes making up games and planning activities with other kids.
During the third stage it is important for the children to make judgement and start planning their actions. Children will also start to asert more power to the world around them. During this stage the caregiver should encourage the child to explore and begin making important decisions.
The children that are successful at this stage, merge with a sense of initiative. But the children that are not successful may merge with a sense of guilt.
A positive example would be my husband. He has a lot of initiative and his mother told me when he was four he wanted to do and try everything himself.
A negative example would be my brother. He refused to try at anything. He always says it's too hard for him and that he needs...