Psychology and Health Problems
September 02, 2010
Instructor: Deb Maison
Psychology and Health Problems
Psychology has played an excellent role in understanding and managing of health problems by conducting research and recognizing that the interaction between different group factors may cause health problems. The multifactorial model is used to make connection between life experiences, family medical history, genetics, and a person’s ability to handle situations that directly affect an individual’s health in a negative or positive way. It also allows doctors to consider other diagnoses that may be involved when someone is coughing rather than just assuming he or she ...view middle of the document...
This is why it is very important that if you know there are high-risk medical conditions in the family a healthy lifestyle is also followed, which means to decrease stress factors, make regular follow-up visits with primary care doctor, have an exercise routine like walking 30 minutes per day and follow a healthy diet.
This brings up environmental factors, which include pollution, water quality, and climate. One of the causes of health problems in individuals is the environment one resides in. For example, individuals who live in agricultural areas may have a higher risk of developmental and reproductive disorders. There immune system may be lower than normal, and may even develop cancer. Pesticides as well as fertilizers can be exposed to water sources contaminating drinking water, vegetables, wildlife animals, and fish for which humans rely for nutrition, which means that humans could be contaminated by the consumption of any of these named examples. In addition, living in large cities, overcrowding, noise, and the daily hassles of commuting and time constraints raise levels of stress, while air and other pollutants such as minerals and lead are breathed and absorbed into a person’s body. Even the climate can affect our health, living in areas of frequent tornadoes or earthquakes can raise our stress levels and areas of little sunshine our anxiety and levels of depression.
Stress is a major part of an individual’s everyday life. Pain and discomfort, major life changes and frustration are some of the named stressors in the multifactorial model. Stress is a psychological factor that affects individuals in different ways. Headaches are among the most common stress related symptoms. “Nearly 20% of people in the United States suffer from severe headaches” (Psycholoical Factors in Physical Health Problems, 2003). The most common types of headaches are migraines and tension headaches. Headaches are not only caused by stress, also the environment a person lives in, psychological, and medical conditions as well as life changes. Some of the factors that may cause headaches are allergies, chocolate, cheese, menstruation, and alcoholic beverages. Some women may suffer discomfort during the menstrual cycle. The severity ranges from aches and pains to weight gain, irritability, and frustration. Some women do not suffer any discomforts of menstrual problems, while others cannot get out of bed to participate in their activities of daily living. Headaches and menstruation will bring pain, frustration, and stress triggering behavioral distress.
Behavioral and personality factors will...