Diabetes is has two types Type 1 and Type 2. They have in common that the level of sugar is abnormally high. Type 1 diabetes is a deficiency of the hormone insulin that regulates blood sugar levels. Only about 5% of people who have diabetes have this type whereas type 2 is far more common. With type 2 the level of insulin can be low, normal or high. The body does not starts respond properly to insulin it becomes partially resistant to the effects of insulin.
Diabetes is often described as one of the most psychologically and behaviorally
demanding of the chronic medical illnesses. What makes diabetes difficult to treat is that
psychosocial factors play a role in “nearly every aspect ...view middle of the document...
Diabetes can affect women worse than men because, they can get during a pregnancy which can
affect the mothers and their unborn children. Diabetes can also cause miscarriage or birth
defects.When diabetes is caused by pregnancy this is known as gestational diabetes. Women
who have diabetes are also more likely to have a heart attack at younger age than those who do
not have it. Racial and ethnic groups such as African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, and
Asian Americans are at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. This is because of their
cultural and lack of health care for some. Diabetes also runs in their families.
Diabetes is caused when the body builds a resistance to insulin. With type 2 diabetes the blood sugar levels rise before insulin resistance is developed. The body makes more insulin than it needs to compensate for a while. After time the cells that make to insulin tire out or the body becomes so resistant to insulin that the blood sugar starts to rise. There can be complications from diabetes like heart attacks, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and loos of limbs.
People often assume that diabetes doesn’t affect one sex more than the other. Type1 diabetes is not bias it effects both male and female equally. Whereas type 2 diabetes was more pronounced in female’s last century but now it equally prevalent in both sexes.
Diabetes in the US is a social epidemic that is growing at a fast pace. It is estimated that 21 million Americans have diabetes and another 41 million have high blood sugar. There are many people who cannot afford foods that are both healthy and appealing. Then there are others who are handicapped, because they do not have the knowledge or education they need to eat healthy. Some people may shop at supermarkets in their neighborhood carry fewer healthy foods.
Then there are other people who weighed down by the day-to-day pressures of low wages, or unemployment or family problems, and then there are other people simply just lack the energy and motivation they need to eat healty.
The goal for treating diabetes is to lower the elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. The treatment depends on what type of diabetes someone has. Type 1 is treated with insulin, diabetic diet, and exercise. Type 2 diabetes is treated with weight loos, diet, and exercise. If these option fail to work than it is treated with oral medications, and if they do not work than it is treated with insulin by injection.
Some health-related behaviors of diabetes are obesity, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Obesity and the lack of physical activity result in insulin resistances which is the number one leading cause of type 2 diabetes. Moderate or vigorous physical activities can help control the risk related to diabetes. People who have diabetes have more visits with their primary care doctor and specialists than those who do not have it. High blood pressure...