Goals and Perspectives of Psychology
By: Yesenia Hodges
The three different perspectives on psychology I've selected are behavioral, humanistic, and evolutionary. Behaviorism is the study of behaviors that can be seen or measured. It is a how psychologist can measure the relationship between consequences and behavior itself. In the example used an animal was used to measure the change in behavior depending on if it was a reward or punishment. In humanistic, which is the focus on the positive and growth aspects of human nature. It is know for having lack of control that people have over their own lives. Last of all is evolutionary, this is how humans adapt traits and characteristic that have evolved through natural selection. This theory was also based off of the Charles Darwin theory of evolution and ...view middle of the document...
Predict is the third goal which is to predict behaviors or outcomes. Psychologist can use this goal to make predictions about what will happen in the future. In the example the researcher made a prediction about what would happen to the miners based on previous research done on the miners. By making a prediction the psychologist knew what the outcome would be because of the previous studies. Goal four is used to take research findings to shape, modify, and control behavior. The research findings are used in a beneficial way towards behavior control. The research findings change how people think or behave when they are in uncomfortable situations.
The three perspectives behavioral, humanistic, and evolutionary fit with the goals of psychology by, behaviorism can be used to describe what is being observed in the research. Like in the example given with the animals, the psychologist was studying the behaviors of the animals and how they reacted to being rewarded or punished. The researcher can then take what they observed and explain exactly how it worked. The researcher would shape the behaviors of the animals in a beneficial way towards behavior control. Evolutionary ties into the goals of psychology by, predicting how behavior is shaped through evolution. Using the Charles Darwin’s theory can describe and explain the characteristics that humans and other organisms exhibit. The Charles Darwin theory can also make out of this could theory is being controlled. The humanistic perspective fits into the goals of psychology by, showing how humans have a lack of control over their behaviors. When humans are in a situation that's is uncomfortable, the behavior of that person starts to change do to their humanistic perspective.
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