Historical and Scientific Perspectives on Homosexuality
PSYCHOLOGY OF HUMAN SEXUALITY
Historical and scientific perspectives on homosexuality have had such an impact on societies and their people all around the world, that some people have taken their own life to avoid admitting that they are homosexual. Homosexuality has its own unique history through the ages. These ...view middle of the document...
The main sexual activity depicted on Greek vases is of the older male inserting his penis between the boy’s thighs (not in the anus) and thrusting until he ejaculates. A few centuries later, the Romans described highly feminine gay men who dressed flamboyantly, had showy hair styles and mannerisms, and cruised certain neighborhoods, searching for partners. The Apostle Paul commented on this behavior as the key sign of the decadence of Rome, and the Christian Church assumed a strongly negative attitude toward homosexuality.
In the fifteenth century, Florence, a Christian city, was reputed to house numerous “sodomites.” (Jews and Christians have traditionally referred to male–male sexual activity as the sin of Sodom—hence the origins of the term sodomy, which generally alludes to anal intercourse, and sometimes to oral–genital contact. According to the book of Genesis, the city of Sodom was destroyed by God. Yet it is unclear what behavior incurred God’s wrath. Pope Gregory III was not ambiguous, however, in his eighth-century account of the city’s obliteration as a punishment for sexual activity with members of the same sex.) Sodomy was so common in Florence, and (theoretically) so disturbing to the city’s governors, that they created the “Office of the Night” in 1432, which enabled the populace to anonymously accuse individuals of sodomy. During the 70 years that the office was in operation, some 17,000 men were investigated as possible sodomites, nearly half of the male population of Florence throughout that period! Fewer than 3,000 were actually convicted, however, and those who were convicted were required to pay a fine rather than tossed into prison (Bailey, 2003b)”, (University of Phoenix, Human Sexuality in a World of Diversity).
Individual views and beliefs of homosexuals also make it difficult to come out, openingly announce one’s homosexuality. People have a very real fear of losing their family, the friends, and their jobs as a result of others knowing their true sexuality. Numerous people have even paid the ultimate price for coming out; they have lost their lives to hate crimes and homophobia. This senseless violence has people living in fear of who they are and being afraid to tell others who they love. Love is not...