Psychology Essay

531 words - 3 pages

Pain-analgesia= no pain
Purpose: to discover the biological basses of behavior and mental events
Key question: how does the nervous system produce behavior in mental events
Assumptions: there must be a relationship between nervous system behavior and mental events.

What is biopsychology?
* The branch of psychology that studies the relationship between nervous system activity and behavior and mental events.
* A new branch of neurosciences.
* Makes use of the findings discovered by other branches of psychology.

Brain consists of neurons and glia.

Other branches of the neurosciences are
1. Biological psychiatry is interested in treatment of biological treatments of
2. Developmental neurobiology is interested in how the nervous system changes and develops
3. Neuroanatomy is interested in the structure of the nervous system and hw the ...view middle of the document...

2. Psychopharmacology concerned with the effects of drugs on brain and behavior. Research may involve both humans and animals.
3. Neuropharmacology the study of behavioral deficits produced by brain damage in humans. Its an applied research
4. Psychophysiology the study of the relationship between physiological activity and psychological processes in human subjects by non-invasive physiological recording for example CNS measures PET, FMRI. PNS measures EKG, EMG, EDR and pupil diameter.
Why are these measures important?
They provide insight into the understanding of certain psychological processes such as attention, emotion and information processing.
5. Comparative psychology study of the evolution, genetics and adaptiveness of behavior, largely through the use of the comparative method
6. Cognitive neuroscience study of the neural mechanism of human cognition, largely through the use of functional brain imaging.

8 basic structures present in all the thinking within a discipline
1. Generates purposes
2. Raises questions
3. Uses information
Some definitions of psychology:
* Study of the mind and behavior.
* An academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific

Genetics
Biological units
23 pair of chromosomes
Females contribute an X
Males contribute either an X or a Y
Sex linked genes
Sex limited genes
All other genes are autosomal
An allele is an alternate form of gene found at the same gene location
A phenotype is the trait that you can observe
The genotypes are the genes that code for the phenotype
Some genes are dominant meaning that the genes is expressed in all offspring carrying that gene
Other genes are recessive and their effects are not expressed unless they occur together with the same recessive gene on the other chromosome
An individual is homozygous for a trait if the two alleles are identical and heterozygous gg or GG if the two alleles are different Gg

Considering the way of thinking for biopsychology, a key question for biopsychologists might be

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