M1- Describe how health and safety legislation, policies and procedures promote the safety of individuals in a health social care setting.
1- The food safety Act 1990
This Act is created to guarantee that all food is delivered safe to be consumed, from where they come from till the place where it will finally be purchased. Also the Act states that all food premises must be inspected by authority officer (is an environmental health or trading standards officer) who have power to enter food premises to investigate possible offences, to inspect and make sure that the premises is safe for commercialization of food. In case of any doubt the authority officer has the power to take samples of food to detain suspect food or seize the premise.
The Act also states that it is illegal to add substances in the food as ingredients when preparing food; all food must be labelled in ways that the client can understand it easily.
If the premise or organisation in case thinks that The ...view middle of the document...
For all these reasons employer must: ∙ Avoiding any hazardous manual handling operations; ∙Asses any hazardous manual handling tasks that cannot be avoided; ∙ Reduce the risk of injury as far as possible; ∙ Must provide safety manual handling training or instructions and where possible giving information about the weight of each load.
Employee must ∙Make full and proper use of safety work procedures given by the employer; ∙ So that the injury risks from manual handling can be reduced.
3- The Control of Substances Hazardous to health 2002 (COSHH)
Substances hazardous to health are defined under COSHH as those that are very Toxic, Corrosive, Harmful and Irritant. This regulation is made for the purpose of good hazardous substances practice. In this case, you have to plan and work processes and activities to minimise emission, release and spread of substances hazardous to health. By Knowing the ways of exposure and inhalation, you will be able to develop appropriate measurement control for the health risk. Good control which minimise the escape and spread of substances hazardous to health; suitable person, protective equipment in combination with other control measures; check and review regularly all elements of control measures for their continuing effectiveness; inform and train all employees of the hazardous and risks from the substances in which they work and the use of control measures developed to minimise the risks.
All employers have obligations in relation to the health and safety of their employees and premises.
4- The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
The aim of this Act is that the employer must provide health and safety to his employees. Employer has a duty of care as long as possible for to maintain health and safety, and welfare while employee is at work.
Employers have the responsibilities of:
* Risk assessments (are priority) – employer has to start by identifying possible health and safety hazards. For this purpose employer must choose a capable person with health and safety responsibilities, this person must be trained in health and safety (small firms can be one of the owners, in large businesses a trained person).
In case o breach of this Act here in UK it is a crime with fine of up to £400 or if convicted on condemnation the Crown Court an offender can be sentenced to an unlimited.